Lattice-Boltzmann Large-Eddy Simulation of pollutant dispersion in street canyons including tree planting effects

Abstract : This study assesses the performance of a large eddy simulation (LES) based on the lattice Boltzmann method (LBM) in predicting near field dispersion in street canyons with tree planting. Based on a benchmark test case benefiting from wind tunnel measurements (CODASC), this study qualitatively and quantitatively discusses the prediction of traffic-induced pollutant concentration with respect to several reference studies. It also analyses the physics of the flow and concentration fields. Although the problem might seem rather simple, the flow is highlighted to be strongly three dimensional and transient. These properties enhance pollutant dispersion in the empty street canyon but air flow velocity and turbulence intensity tend to decrease in tree crowns. This effect of trees increases both mean and peak concentration levels at pedestrian level, which may be problematic in cities with dense traffic. These results show that LBM-LES is particularly well suited to study dispersion problems towards the development of more breathable cities.
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Lucie Merlier, Jérôme Jacob, Pierre Sagaut. Lattice-Boltzmann Large-Eddy Simulation of pollutant dispersion in street canyons including tree planting effects. Atmospheric Environment, Elsevier, 2018, 195, pp.89-103. ⟨10.1016/j.atmosenv.2018.09.040⟩. ⟨hal-02114676⟩

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