Quasi-automatic early detection of progressive idiopathic scoliosis from biplanar radiography: a preliminary validation

Résumé : Purpose To validate the predictive power and reliability of a novel quasi-automatic method to calculate the severity index of adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS). Methods Fifty-five AIS patients were prospectively included (Age: 10-15, Cobb: 16° ± 4°). Patients underwent low-dose biplanar x-rays and a novel fast method for 3D reconstruction of the spine was performed. They were followed until skeletal maturity (stable patients) or brace prescription (progressive patients). The severity index was calculated at the first exam, based on 3D parameters of the scoliotic curve, and it was compared with the patient’s final outcome (progressive or stable). Three operators have repeated the 3D reconstruction twice for a subset of 30 patients to assess reproducibility (through Cohen’s kappa and intraclass correlation coefficient). Results 85% of the patients were correctly classified as stable or progressive by the severity index, with a sensitivity of 92% and specificity of 74%. Substantial intra-operator agreement and good inter-operator agreement were observed, with 80% of the progressive patients correctly detected at the first exam. The novel severity index assessment took less than 4 minutes of operator time. Conclusions The fast and semi-automatic method for 3D reconstruction developed in this work allowed for a fast and reliable calculation of the severity index. The method is fast and user friendly. Once extensively validated, this severity index could allow very early initiation of conservative treatment for progressive patients, thus increasing treatment efficacy and therefore reducing the need for corrective surgery.
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Claudio Vergari, Laurent Gajny, Isabelle Courtois, Eric Ebermeyer, Kariman Abelin-Genevois, et al.. Quasi-automatic early detection of progressive idiopathic scoliosis from biplanar radiography: a preliminary validation. European Spine Journal, Springer Verlag, In press, ⟨10.1007/s00586-019-05998-z⟩. ⟨hal-02129210⟩

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