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Enhanced recovery after surgery program in older patients undergoing gynaecologic oncological surgery is feasible and safe

Abstract : Background. Enhanced Recovery After Surgery Programs (ERP) include multimodal approaches of perioperative patient's clinical pathways designed to achieve early recovery after surgery and a decreased length of hospital stay (LOS). By allowing patients to return rapidly to their everyday surroundings, older patients are those who could take the greatest benefit from ERP. This is the first study to date to assess feasibility and safety of ERP on older patients undergoing gynaecologic oncological surgery. Methods. Data were prospectively collected between December 2015 and September 2017 at the Institut Paoli-Calmettes, a French comprehensive cancer centre. All the patients included in the study were referred for hysterectomy and/or pelvic or para-aortic lymphadenectomy for gynaecological cancer. The primary objective was to achieve similar LOS in patients >= 70 years old compared to younger patients without increasing the propor- tion of complications and readmission rates. A binary (LOS < or >= 2 days) logistic regression was built, including age, Charlson score, BMI, ASA score, oncological indication, surgical procedures and surgical approaches. G8 score was estimated for all the >= 70years old patients. Results. Of a total of 329 patients, 75 were >= 70 years old and 254 were <70. Except a disparity in oncological indications with a higher proportion of endometrial cancer in the years old group (56% vs. 27%; p < 0.01), there were no differences in patient's characteristics and surgical procedures. Age 70 years was associated with a longer LOS (means, 3.88 vs. 3.11 days; p = 0.024) only in univariate analysis. Considering the logistic regression, age was no longer associated with LOS. Total hysterectomy with pelvic lymphadenectomy and ASA score 3 were independently associated with longer LOS while mini-invasive techniques were associated with a shorter LOS. Morbidities and readmissions occurred respectively in 23% and 8% of the total population without any difference between the two groups. In the >= 70 years old population, G8 score was not predictive of LOS, morbidities or readmissions. Conclusion. Although it is already widely accepted that ERP improves early recovery, our study shows that ERP for patients over 70 years of age undergoing gynaecologic oncological surgery is as safe and feasible as on younger patients. (C) 2018 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
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https://hal-amu.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-02143624
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Submitted on : Wednesday, May 29, 2019 - 2:51:01 PM
Last modification on : Friday, August 9, 2019 - 4:02:06 PM

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Alexandre Nonneville, Camille Jauffret, Cecile Braticevic, Maud Cecile, Marion Faucher, et al.. Enhanced recovery after surgery program in older patients undergoing gynaecologic oncological surgery is feasible and safe. Gynecologic Oncology, Elsevier, 2018, 151 (3), pp.471-476. ⟨10.1016/j.ygyno.2018.09.017⟩. ⟨hal-02143624⟩

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