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Reduced Relapse Incidence with FLAMSA-RIC Compared with Busulfan/Fludarabine for Acute Myelogenous Leukemia Patients in First or Second Complete Remission: A Study from the Acute Leukemia Working Party of the European Society for Blood and Marrow Transplantation

Abstract : Busulfan/fludarabine (BuFlu) is a widely used conditioning regimen for patients with myeloid malignancies. The sequential FLAMSA (fludarabine + Ara-C + amsacrine chemotherapy) protocol followed by either cyclophosphamide and total body irradiation (FLAMSA-TBI) or cyclophosphamide and busulfan (FLAMSA-Bu) has shown remarkable activity in high-risk acute myelogenous leukemia (AML) patients. Here we compare the outcomes of AML patients transplanted in first complete remission (CR1) or second complete remission (CR2) after conditioning with BuFlu or FLAMSA. Eligible patients had their first allogeneic stem cell transplantation for AML in CR1 or CR2 between January 2005 and June 2016. Donors were matched related or unrelated with up to 1 mismatch. Conditioning consisted of either BuFlu or FLAMSA. Propensity score matching was applied and comparisons were performed using weighted Cox regression. BuFlu conditioning was used in 1197 patients, whereas FLAMSA-TBI and FLAMSA-Bu were used in 258 and 141 patients, respectively. Median follow-up of survivors was 24.72 months. In univariate analysis, relapse incidence (RI) was 30.3%, 21.9%, and 23.1% in the BuFlu, FLAMSA-TBI, and FLAMSA-Bu groups, respectively (P < .01), and nonrelapse mortality at 2 years was 16.1%, 16.4%, and 26.7%, respectively (P < .01). Leukemia-free survival (LFS) at 2 years was 53.6%, 61.6%, and 50.1%, respectively (P = .03). Weighted Cox regression revealed that FLAMSA-TBI compared with BuFlu was associated with lower RI (hazard ratio [HR], .64; 95% confidence interval [CI], .42 to .98; P = .04) and a trend for better LFS (HR, .72; 95% CI, .49 to 1.06; P = .09). These results suggest that compared with BuFlu, conditioning with FLAMSA-TBI leads to reduced RI at 2 years in AML patients transplanted in CR1 or CR2. (C) 2018 American Society for Blood and Marrow Transplantation. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
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Submitted on : Wednesday, May 29, 2019 - 2:51:39 PM
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Thomas Heinicke, Myriam Labopin, Christoph Schmid, Emmanuelle Polge, Gerard Socie, et al.. Reduced Relapse Incidence with FLAMSA-RIC Compared with Busulfan/Fludarabine for Acute Myelogenous Leukemia Patients in First or Second Complete Remission: A Study from the Acute Leukemia Working Party of the European Society for Blood and Marrow Transplantation. BIOLOGY OF BLOOD AND MARROW TRANSPLANTATION, 2018, 24 (11), pp.2224-2232. ⟨10.1016/j.bbmt.2018.07.007⟩. ⟨hal-02143639⟩

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