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Journal Articles Scientific Reports Year : 2018

Mechanisms Underlying the Regulation of HP1 gamma by the NGF-PKA Signaling Pathway

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Seungmae Seo
  • Function : Author
Angela Mathison
  • Function : Author
Adrienne Grzenda
  • Function : Author
Jewel Pod Ratz
  • Function : Author
Ezequiel Calvo
  • Function : Author
Stephen Brimijoin
  • Function : Author
Anthony Windebank
  • Function : Author
Gwen Lomberk
  • Function : Author
Raul Urrutia
  • Function : Author

Abstract

Heterochromatin protein 1 gamma (HP1 gamma) is a well-known chromatin protein, which regulates gene silencing during the execution of processes associated with embryogenesis, organ maturation, and cell differentiation. We find that, in vivo, the levels of HP1 gamma are downregulated during nervous system development. Similar results are recapitulated in vitro during nerve growth factor (NGF)-induced neuronal cell differentiation in PC12 cells. Mechanistically, our experiments demonstrate that in differentiating PC12 cells, NGF treatment decreases the association of HP1 gamma to silent heterochromatin, leads to phosphorylation of this protein at S83 via protein kinase A (PKA), and ultimately results in its degradation. Genome-wide experiments, using gain-of-function (overexpression) and loss-of-function (RNAi) paradigms, demonstrate that changing the level of HP1 gamma impacts on PC12 differentiation, at least in part, through gene networks involved in this process. Hence, inactivation of HP1 gamma by different post-translational mechanisms, including reduced heterochromatin association, phosphorylation, and degradation, is necessary for neuronal cell differentiation to occur. Indeed, we show that the increase of HP1 gamma levels has the reverse effect, namely antagonizing neuronal cell differentiation, supporting that this protein acts as a barrier for this process. Thus, these results describe the regulation and participation of HP1 gamma in a novel membrane-to-nucleus pathway, through NGF-PKA signaling, which is involved in NGF-induced neuronal cell differentiation.

Dates and versions

hal-02143645 , version 1 (29-05-2019)

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Seungmae Seo, Angela Mathison, Adrienne Grzenda, Jewel Pod Ratz, Ezequiel Calvo, et al.. Mechanisms Underlying the Regulation of HP1 gamma by the NGF-PKA Signaling Pathway. Scientific Reports, 2018, 8, ⟨10.1038/s41598-018-33475-y⟩. ⟨hal-02143645⟩

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