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Colon Cancer Screening Programs: Impact of an Organized Screening Strategy Assessed by the EDIFICE Surveys

Abstract : Background The aim of EDIFICE surveys is to improve insight into the behavior of the French population with regard to cancer prevention and participation in screening programs. Via the colorectal cancer screening program, all average-risk individuals in the 50-74-year age group are invited every 2 years to do a guaiac-based or, since April 2015, an immunochemical fecal occult blood test. Methods The fifth edition of the nationwide observational survey was conducted by phone interviews using the quota method. A representative sample of 1299 individuals with no history of cancer (age, 50-74 years) was interviewed between 22 November and 7 December 2016. The present analysis focuses on minimum lifetime uptake of screening tests, compliance to recommended repeat-screening intervals, and reasons for non-participation. Results In 2016, 64% survey participants had been screened at least once and 38% had been screened in the previous 2 years, suggesting a trend towards increasing participation rates, particularly in the younger age categories and among men. The 2016 data also suggest that the newly implemented FIT-based screening program has been well perceived by the population. Up to one in four individuals cited ``no risk factors'' as the reason for not undergoing screening. This reveals ignorance of the fact that the colorectal cancer screening program actually targets all average-risk individuals in a given age group, without individual risk factors. Conclusion We suggest the next step should be dedicated to educational approaches to explain exactly what screening involves and to persuasive messages targeting those who to date have remained unreceptive to information campaigns.
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https://hal-amu.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-02146854
Contributor : Jean-Charles Dufour <>
Submitted on : Tuesday, June 4, 2019 - 11:48:31 AM
Last modification on : Wednesday, March 25, 2020 - 2:35:41 PM

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Jerome Viguier, Jean-Francois Morere, Lysel Brignoli-Guibaudet, Christine Lhomel, Sebastien Couraud, et al.. Colon Cancer Screening Programs: Impact of an Organized Screening Strategy Assessed by the EDIFICE Surveys. Current Oncology Reports, Current Medicine Group, 2018, 20 (1), ⟨10.1007/s11912-017-0648-8⟩. ⟨hal-02146854⟩

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