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Pharmacokinetic Studies of Baclofen Are Not Sufficient to Establish an Optimized Dosage for Management of Alcohol Disorder

Abstract : Several clinical randomized trials have evaluated the interest of baclofen in patients with alcohol use disorder. Depending on the study design and the inclusion criteria, the results vary from enthusiastic to pessimistic. However, all researchers and practitioners agree that they observe a wide variability in the therapeutic responses. If some patients exhibit a clinical response at low doses, similar to 40mg daily, others require doses higher than 300mg. Before multiplying new other clinical trials, it is required to better understand the reason of this variability. Several mechanisms may be responsible for providing different effects with an identical daily dose. Especially, each pharmacokinetic step, absorption, distribution, metabolism, and elimination may lead to a different exposure after an identical dose. Absorption may imply a saturation process limiting the bioavailability (F) of baclofen in some patients. In such a situation, food, or drug-drug interaction can change the absorption rate of the drug modifying the maximum concentration (Cmax) and area under the curve (AUC). Distribution and brain penetration across the blood-brain barrier may depend of a specific transporter. These transporters are subject to genetic polymorphism and drug-drug interaction. Finally, elimination may be increased by a specific secretion pathway. This review describes all available pharmacokinetic data on these different pharmacokinetics steps aiming to identify the source of variability of baclofen in patients with alcohol use disorder.
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Contributor : Jean-Charles Dufour <>
Submitted on : Tuesday, June 4, 2019 - 11:49:36 AM
Last modification on : Wednesday, March 25, 2020 - 2:36:42 PM

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Nicolas Simon, Nicolas Franchitto, Benjamin Rolland. Pharmacokinetic Studies of Baclofen Are Not Sufficient to Establish an Optimized Dosage for Management of Alcohol Disorder. Frontiers in Psychiatry, Frontiers, 2018, 9, ⟨10.3389/fpsyt.2018.00485⟩. ⟨hal-02146877⟩

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