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Interplay between the Hsp90 Chaperone and the HslVU Protease To Regulate the Level of an Essential Protein in Shewanella oneidensis

Abstract : Protein synthesis, folding, and degradation are an accurately regulated process occurring in every organism and called proteostasis. This process is essential to maintain a healthy proteome since proteostasis dysregulation is responsible for devastating cellular issues. Proteostasis is controlled by a complex network of molecular chaperones and proteases. Among them, eukaryotic Hsp90, assisted by many cochaperones and the Hsp70 chaperone system, plays a major role in activating hundreds of client proteins, and Hsp90 inhibition usually leads to proteasomal degradation of these clients. In bacteria, however, the precise function of Hsp90 remains quite unclear, and only a few clients are known. Recently, we have shown that Hsp90 is essential at elevated temperature in the aquatic model bacterium She-wanella oneidensis, and we have identified a client of Hsp90, TilS, involved in tRNA modification. Here we found that two members of the proteostasis network with antagonist activities, the Hsp90 chaperone and the HslVU protease, which is considered the proteasome ancestor, together regulate the level of TilS. In particular, we show that deletion of the genes coding for the HslVU protease suppresses the growth defect of an S. oneidensis strain with hsp90 deleted, by increasing the cellular level of the essential TilS protein. These results open up new avenues for understanding how proteostasis is controlled in bacteria, and new Hsp90 clients are much needed now to confirm the interplay between Hsp90 and proteases. IMPORTANCE Maintaining a healthy proteome is essential in every living cell from bacteria to humans. For example, proteostasis (protein homeostasis) imbalance in humans leads to devastating diseases, including neurodegenerative diseases and cancers. Therefore, proteins need to be assisted from their synthesis to their native folding and ultimately to their degradation. To ensure efficient protein turnover, cells possess an intricate network of molecular chaperones and proteases for protein folding and degradation. However, these networks need to be better defined and understood. Here, using the aquatic bacterium Shewanella oneidensis as a model organism , we demonstrate interplay between two proteins with antagonist activities, the Hsp90 chaperone and the HslVU protease, to finely regulate the level of an essential client of Hsp90. Therefore, this work provides a new bacterial model to better study protein regulation and turnover, and it sheds light on how proteostasis by Hsp90 and proteases could be controlled in bacteria.
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Flora Honore, Nathanael Maillot, Vincent Méjean, Olivier Genest. Interplay between the Hsp90 Chaperone and the HslVU Protease To Regulate the Level of an Essential Protein in Shewanella oneidensis. mBio, American Society for Microbiology, 2019, 10 (3), ⟨10.1128/mBio.00269-19⟩. ⟨hal-02180326⟩

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