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Chitosan Films for Microfluidic Studies of Single Bacteria and Perspectives for Antibiotic Susceptibility Testing

Abstract : Single-cell microfluidics is a powerful method to study bacteria and determine their susceptibility to antibiotic treatment. Glass treatment by adhesive molecules is a potential solution to immobilize bacterial cells and perform microscopy, but traditional cationic polymers such as polylysine deeply affect bacterial physiology. In this work, we chemically characterized a class of chitosan polymers for their biocompatibility when adsorbed to glass. Chitosan chains of known length and composition allowed growth of Escherichia coli cells without any deleterious effects on cell physiology. Combined with a machine learning approach, this method could measure the antibiotic susceptibility of a diversity of clinical strains in less than 1 h and with higher accuracy than current methods. Finally, chitosan polymers also supported growth of Klebsiella pneumoniae, another bacterial pathogen of clinical significance. IMPORTANCE Current microfluidic techniques are powerful to study bacteria and determine their response to antibiotic treatment, but they are currently limited by their complex manipulation. Chitosan films are fully biocompatible and could thus be a viable replacement for existing commercial devices that currently use polyly-sine. Thus, the low cost of chitosan slides and their simple implementation make them highly versatile for research as well as clinical use.
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Submitted on : Friday, October 11, 2019 - 12:12:29 PM
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Julie Treguier, Loïc Bugnicourt, Guillaume Gay, Mamoudou Diallo, Salim T. Islam, et al.. Chitosan Films for Microfluidic Studies of Single Bacteria and Perspectives for Antibiotic Susceptibility Testing. mBio, American Society for Microbiology, 2019, 10 (4), ⟨10.1128/mBio.01375-19⟩. ⟨hal-02313358⟩

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