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High spatial resolution inorganic scintillator detector for high energy X-ray beam at small field irradiation

Abstract : Purpose: Small fielddosimetry for radiotherapy is one of the major challenges due to the size of most dosimeters,e.g. sufficient spatial resolution, accurate dose distribution and energy dependency of the detector. In this context, the purpose of this research is to develop a small size scintillating detector targeting small field dosimetry and compare its performance with other commercial detectors. Method: An inorganic scintillator detector (ISD) of about 200 μm outer diameter was developed and tested through different small fields dosimetric characterization under high energy photons (6 MV and 15 MV) delivered by an Elekta Linear Accelerator (LINAC). PDD and beam profile measurements were compared using dosimeters from PTW namely, microdiamond and PinPoint 3D detector. A background fiber method has been considered to quantifyand eliminate the minimal Cerenkov effect from the total optical signal magnitude. Measurements were performed inside a water phantom under IAEA Technical reports series recommendations (IAEA TRS 381 and TRS 483). Results:Small fields ranging from 3 x 3 cm2, down to 0.5 x 0.5 cm2 were sequentiallymeasured using the ISD and commercial dosimeters, and a good agreement was obtained among all measurements. The result also shows that, scintillating detector has good repeatabilityand reproducibility of the output signal with maximum deviation of 0.26% and 0.5% respectively. The Full Width Half Maximum (FWHM) was measured 0.55 cm for the smallest available square size field of 0.5 x 0.5 cm2, where the discrepancy of 0.05 cm is dueto the scattering effects inside the water and convolution effect between field and detector geometries. Percentage Depth Dose (PDD) factor dependence variation with water depth exhibits nearly the same behavior for all tested detectors. The ISD allows to perform dose measurements at a very high accuracy from low (50 cGy/min) to high dose rates (800 cGy/min) and found to be independent of dose rate variation. The detection system also showed an excellent linearity with dose; hence calibration was easily achieved. Conclusions: The developed detector can be used to accurately measure the delivered dose at small field during the treatment of small volume tumors. The author’s measurement shows that despite using a non-water equivalent detector, the detector can be a powerful candidate for beam characterization and quality assurance in e.g., radiosurgery, Intensity Modulated Radiotherapy (IMRT), and brachytherapy. Our detector can provide real-time dose measurement and good spatial resolution with immediate readout, simplicity, flexibility, and robustness.
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Submitted on : Monday, February 10, 2020 - 9:32:18 AM
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S.B.C Debnath, Agnes Tallet, S. Lavandier, Sree Bash, Chandra Debnath, et al.. High spatial resolution inorganic scintillator detector for high energy X-ray beam at small field irradiation. Medical Physics, American Association of Physicists in Medicine, 2019, ⟨10.1002/MP.14002⟩. ⟨hal-02424913v2⟩

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