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Recurrent major depressive disorder's impact on end-of-life care of cancer: a nationwide study. Running title: Recurrent major depressive disorder and end-of-life care

Abstract : Objective We still don't know if recurrent major depressive disorder (RMDD) may impact the quality of the end-of-life (EOL) cancer care in France. To tackle this knowledge gap, we explored EOL care in RMDD subjects who died from cancer compared to subjects without psychiatric disorder in a 4-year nationwide cohort study. Design Nationwide cohort study. Setting National hospital database, France. Participants All patients aged ≥15 years who died from cancer in hospital: 4070 RMDD subjects and 222,477 controls, 2013-2016, France. Main outcome measures Palliative care in the last 31 days of life and high-intensity EOL care including chemotherapy in the last 14 days of life, artificial nutrition, tracheal intubation, mechanical ventilation, gastrostomy, cardiopulmonary resuscitation, dialysis, transfusion, surgery, endoscopy, imaging, intensive care unit and emergency department admission in the last 31 days of life. Multivariate generalized mixed models with log-normal distribution was used to compare RMDD subjects and controls. Results Compared to the controls, the RMDD subjects died 3 years younger, had more comorbidities, more thoracic cancers, less metastases and longer time from cancer diagnosis to death. After matching and adjustment, subjects with RMDD were found to receive more palliative care and less high-intensity EOL care, had fewer iterative admissions to acute care unit, and died less often in the intensive care unit and emergency department. Conclusions RMDD subjects were more likely to receive palliative care associated with less high-intensity EOL care. Yet the interpretation may be discussed, resulting from either patients’/families’ wishes or difficulties for providers in offering personalized care to RMDD.
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Contributor : Guillaume Fond <>
Submitted on : Monday, February 10, 2020 - 3:35:00 PM
Last modification on : Wednesday, August 19, 2020 - 12:06:55 PM
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Guillaume Fond, Karine Baumstarck, Pascal Auquier, Sara Fernandes, Vanessa Pauly, et al.. Recurrent major depressive disorder's impact on end-of-life care of cancer: a nationwide study. Running title: Recurrent major depressive disorder and end-of-life care. Journal of Affective Disorders, Elsevier, 2020, 263, pp.326-335. ⟨10.1016/j.jad.2019.12.003⟩. ⟨hal-02473157⟩

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