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Corrigendum to “Polyvascular subclinical atherosclerosis in familial hypercholesterolemia: The role of cholesterol burden and gender” [Nutr Metab Cardiovasc Dis 29 (2019) 1068–1076]

Abstract : Background and aim: Heterozygous familial hypercholesterolemia (HeFH) is a genetic disease characterized by a heterogeneous phenotype. The assessment of cardiovascular (CV) risk is challenging for HeFH. Cholesterol burden (CB) allows to estimate the lifelong exposure to high levels of cholesterol. The aim of this study was to analyze the distribution of subclinical athero-sclerosis and the relationship between atherosclerosis and the CB in a sample of HeFH patients, focusing on sex-related differences. Methods and Results: 154 asymptomatic HeFH subjects underwent coronary-artery-calcium score (CACs) and Doppler ultrasound of carotid and femoral arteries. Yearly lipid profiles and HeHF history were obtained from patients' files in order to calculate total CB. Atherosclerotic burden was defined by the presence of CACs > 0 or by the presence of carotid or femoral plaque. Study population was stratified according to gender. The prevalence of CAC, carotid and femoral atheroscle-rosis was of 62%, 55% and 56%, respectively. Coronary district was the least involved in women, who had a higher prevalence in carotid atherosclerosis. When two vascular districts were affected, women had an increased prevalence of femoral and carotid atherosclerosis whereas men had a higher prevalence of coronary and femoral atherosclerosis. CB correlated to the presence of atherosclerosis in any of the three vascular districts with a significant increasing trend depending on the number of affected areas.
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Alessandro Mattina, Antonina Giammanco, Philippe Giral, David Rosenbaum, Alain Carrié, et al.. Corrigendum to “Polyvascular subclinical atherosclerosis in familial hypercholesterolemia: The role of cholesterol burden and gender” [Nutr Metab Cardiovasc Dis 29 (2019) 1068–1076]. Nutrition, Metabolism and Cardiovascular Diseases, Elsevier, 2019, 29 (12), pp.1431. ⟨10.1016/j.numecd.2019.09.014⟩. ⟨hal-02487212⟩

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