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Resveratrol-mediated glycemic regulation is blunted by curcumin and is associated to modulation of gut microbiota

Abstract : The polyphenols resveratrol (RSV) and curcumin (Cur) are phytoalexines and natural antibiotics with numerous pharmacological functions and metabolic impacts. Recent evidences show a broad control of gut microbiota by polyphenols which could influence glycemic regulation. The aim of this work is to estimate the respective effect of RSV and Cur alone or in association on the control of glycemia and on gut microbiota. A 5-week chronic treatment of hyperglycemic mice with RSV and/or Cur resulted in a differential effect on glucose tolerance test and modified gut microbiome. We precisely identified groups of bacteria representing a specific signature of the glycemic effect of RSV. Inferred metagenomic analysis and metabolic pathway prediction showed that the sulfur and branched-chain amino-acid (BCAA) metabolic activities are tightly correlated with the efficacy of RSV for the control of glycaemia. The impact on BCAA metabolism was further validated by serum metabolomics analysis. Altogether, we show that polyphenols specifically impact gut microbiota and corresponding metabolic functions which could be responsible for their therapeutic role.
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Submitted on : Wednesday, July 20, 2022 - 2:37:16 PM
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Navin Sreng, Serge Champion, Jean-Charles Martin, Saber Khelaifia, Jeffrey Christensen, et al.. Resveratrol-mediated glycemic regulation is blunted by curcumin and is associated to modulation of gut microbiota. Journal of Nutritional Biochemistry, Elsevier, 2019, 72, pp.108218. ⟨10.1016/j.jnutbio.2019.108218⟩. ⟨hal-02487542⟩

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