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The hydrogeochemistry of shallow groundwater from Lut Desert, Iran: The hottest place on Earth

Abstract : This paper presents the first shallow groundwater geochemical data from the Lut Desert (Dasht-e-Lut), one of the hottest places on the planet. The waters are Na-Cl brines that have undergone extensive evaporation, but they are unlike seawater derived brines in that the K + is low and the Ca 2+ > Mg 2+ and HCO 3 − > SO 4 2−. In addition to evapo-concentration, the most saline samples indicate that the dissolution of previously deposited salt also acts as a major control on the geochemistry of these waters. High concentrations of gypsum in surface soils along with the water geochemistry indicate the dissolution, precipitation, and reprecipitation of evaporite salts are very important to the overall chemistry of the near surface environment. As demonstrated by the high H 4 SiO 4 concentrations, the weathering of aluminosilicate minerals also contributes to the solutes present. Fixed nitrogen (NO 3 − + NO 2 −) concentrations suggest little to no denitrification is occurring in these waters. The processes controlling the geochemistry of the Lut waters are similar to those in other hyperarid regions of the Earth.
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W. Berry Lyons, Susan Welch, Christopher Gardner, Arash Sharifi, Amir Aghakouchak, et al.. The hydrogeochemistry of shallow groundwater from Lut Desert, Iran: The hottest place on Earth. Journal of Arid Environments, Elsevier, 2020, 178, pp.104143. ⟨10.1016/j.jaridenv.2020.104143⟩. ⟨hal-02508657⟩

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