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Evaluation of six commercial kits for the serological diagnosis of Mediterranean visceral leishmaniasis

Abstract : METHODOLOGY/PRINCIPAL FINDINGS: Serum samples from 319 patients living in France, Tunisia or Morocco were tested using two ICT (IT LEISH and TruQuick LEISH IgG/IgM Meridian) and four ELISA reagents (NovaLisa Leishmania infantum IgG, Bordier Leishmania infantum, Ridascreen Leishmania IgG, and Vircell Leishmania). The population with proven VL (n = 181) included 65 immunocompromised patients. Significantly higher percentages of false-negative results were obtained with all assays in immunocompromised patients, compared with the immunocompetent population. In the whole population, sensitivity and specificity ranged from 80.7% to 93.9% and from 95.7% to 100%, respectively. The maximum accuracy was observed with the Bordier and Vircell ELISA kits (96.2%), and the lowest accuracy with Ridascreen reagent (88.7%). New thresholds of positivity are proposed for the Bordier, Vircell and NovaLisa ELISA kits to achieve 95% sensitivity with the highest possible specificity. Western blot (WB), used as a confirmation method, showed 100% sensitivity and identified 10.1% of asymptomatic carriers among the control population from the South of France.CONCLUSIONS/SIGNIFICANCE: This is the first study that compared commercially available kits for VL serodiagnosis in the endemic region of the Mediterranean basin. It provides specific information about the tests' performance to help clinicians and biologists to select the right assay for VL screening.
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Submitted on : Wednesday, May 26, 2021 - 10:10:43 AM
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Maude Lévêque, Émilie Battery, Pascal Delaunay, Badre Eddine Lmimouni, Karim Aoun, et al.. Evaluation of six commercial kits for the serological diagnosis of Mediterranean visceral leishmaniasis. PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases, Public Library of Science, 2020, 14 (3), pp.e0008139. ⟨10.1371/journal.pntd.0008139⟩. ⟨hal-02525150⟩



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