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Development and validation of an optimized finite element model of the human orbit

Résumé : The authors' main purpose was to develop a detailed finite element model (FEM) of the human orbit and to validate it by analyzing its behavior under the stress of blunt traumas. Materials and methods: A pre-existing 3D FEM of a human head was modified and used in this study. Modifications took into account preliminary research carried out on PubMed database. Data from a CT scan of the head were computed with Mimics [10TD$DIF] software to re-create the skull geometry. The mesh production, the model[1TD$DIF]'s properties and the simulations of blunt orbital traumas were conducted on Hyperworks1 software. Results: The resulting 3D FEM was composed of 640 000 elements and was used to perform blunt trauma simulations on an intact orbit. A total of 27 tests were simulated. Fifteen tests were realized with a metallic cylinder impactor; 12 tests simulated a hit by a closed fist. In all the tests conducted (27/27), the orbital floor was fractured. Fracture patterns were similar to those found in real clinical situations according to the buckling and hydraulic theories of orbital floor fractures. Discussion: The similitude between the fracture patterns produced on the model and those observed in vivo allows for a validation of the model. This model constitutes, at the authors knowledge, the most sophisticated one ever developed.
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https://hal-amu.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-02562666
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Submitted on : Monday, July 5, 2021 - 2:10:17 PM
Last modification on : Thursday, September 29, 2022 - 10:30:56 AM
Long-term archiving on: : Wednesday, October 6, 2021 - 6:31:50 PM

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Jean-Marc Foletti, Valentine Martinez, Nicolas Graillon, Yves Godio-Raboutet, Lionel Thollon, et al.. Development and validation of an optimized finite element model of the human orbit. Journal of Stomatology, Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, 2019, 120 (1), pp16-20. ⟨hal-02562666⟩

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