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Journal Articles Cancer Research Year : 2020

The Interaction of Platelets with Colorectal Cancer Cells Inhibits Tumor Growth but Promotes Metastasis

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Abstract

Platelets promote metastasis, however, their role in tumor growth remains controversial. Here, we investigated the effect of platelet interactions with colorectal tumor cells. Platelets extravasated into the tumor microenvironment and interacted with tumor cells in a cadherin-6-dependent manner. The interaction induced platelet spreading, release of their granule content, and the generation of three types of microparticles (iMP) that expressed platelet markers, tumor markers, or both. The presence of iMPs was confirmed in colorectal cancer tissue specimens. Platelets significantly reduced tumor growth and increased intratumoral macrophages. This was mediated by iMP recruitment of macrophages via the chemoattractants RANTES, MIF, CCL2, and CXCL12 and activation of their tumor cell killing capacity through IFNγ and IL4, which led to cell-cycle arrest of tumor cells in a p21-dependent manner. In contrast, in the bloodstream, iMPs activated endothelial cells and platelets and induced epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition of tumor cells, promoting metastasis. Altogether, these results indicate that depending on the environment, local or bloodstream, the consequences of the interactions between platelets and a tumor may promote or prevent cancer progression. SIGNIFICANCE: Tumor cell interaction with platelets produces chimeric extracellular vesicles that suppress primary tumor growth by activating tumor-eliminating macrophages, while promoting metastasis through EMT and endothelial activation.
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hal-02571104 , version 1 (12-05-2020)

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Léa Plantureux, Diane Mege, Lydie Crescence, Estelle Carminita, Stéphane Robert, et al.. The Interaction of Platelets with Colorectal Cancer Cells Inhibits Tumor Growth but Promotes Metastasis. Cancer Research, 2020, 80 (2), pp.291-303. ⟨10.1158/0008-5472.CAN-19-1181⟩. ⟨hal-02571104⟩
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