H. P. Gregor, Gibbs-Donnan equilibria in ion exchange resin systems, J. Am. Chem. Soc, vol.73, issue.2, pp.642-650, 1951.

H. P. Gregor, A general thermodynamic theory of ion exchange processes, J. Am. Chem. Soc, vol.70, issue.3, pp.1293-1293, 1948.

M. D. Afonso and M. N. De-pinho, Transport of MgSO 4 , MgCl 2 , and Na 2 SO 4 across an amphoteric nanofiltration membrane, J. Membr. Sci, vol.179, issue.1-2, pp.137-154, 2000.

M. S. Jyothi, V. Nayak, M. Padaki, R. G. Balakrishna, and K. Soontarapa, Aminated polysulfone/TiO 2 composite membranes for an effective removal of Cr(VI), Chem. Eng. J, vol.283, pp.1494-1505, 2016.

F. Q. Xuan and J. S. Liu, Preparation, characterization and application of zwitterionic polymers and membranes: current developments and perspective, Polym. Int, vol.58, issue.12, pp.1350-1361, 2009.

E. Agel, J. Bouet, and J. F. Fauvarque, Characterization and use of anionic membranes for alkaline fuel cells, J. Power Sources, vol.101, issue.2, pp.267-274, 2001.
URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-00420453

K. D. Kreuer, S. J. Paddison, E. Spohr, and M. Schuster, Transport in proton conductors for fuel-cell applications: simulations, elementary reactions, and phenomenology, Chem. Rev, vol.104, issue.10, pp.4637-4678, 2004.

J. Jagur-grodzinski, Polymeric materials for fuel cells: concise review of recent studies, Polym. Adv. Technol, vol.18, issue.10, pp.785-799, 2007.

K. D. Kreuer, Ion conducting membranes for fuel cells and other electrochemical devices, Chem. Mater, vol.26, issue.1, pp.361-380, 2014.

K. A. Mauritz and R. B. Moore, State of understanding of Nafion, Chem. Rev, vol.104, issue.10, pp.4535-4585, 2004.

J. Roziere and D. J. Jones, Non-fluorinated polymer materials for proton exchange membrane fuel cells, Annu. Rev. Mater. Res, vol.33, pp.503-555, 2003.

M. Braglia, I. V. Ferrari, T. Djenizian, S. Kaciulis, P. Soltani et al., Bottom-up electrochemical deposition of poly(styrene sulfonate) on nanoarchitectured electrodes, ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces, vol.9, issue.27, pp.22902-22910, 2017.

I. V. Ferrari, M. Braglia, T. Djenizian, P. Knauth, M. L. Di et al., Electrochemically engineered single Li-ion conducting solid polymer electrolyte on titania nanotubes for microbatteries, J. Power Sources, vol.353, pp.95-103, 2017.

B. Bauer, H. Strathmann, and F. Effenberger, Anion-exchange membranes with improved alkaline stability, Desalination, vol.79, issue.2-3, pp.125-144, 1990.

J. R. Varcoe, P. Atanassov, D. R. Dekel, A. M. Herring, M. A. Hickner et al., Anionexchange membranes in electrochemical energy systems, Energy Environ. Sci, vol.7, issue.10, pp.3135-3191, 2014.

M. L. Di-vona, M. Casciola, A. Donnadio, M. Nocchetti, L. Pasquini et al., Anionic conducting composite membranes based on aromatic polymer and layered double hydroxides, Int. J. Hydrogen Energy, vol.42, issue.5, pp.3197-3205, 2017.

S. E. Kudaibergenov, N. Nuraje, and V. V. Khutoryanskiy, Amphoteric nano-, micro-, and macrogels, membranes, and thin films, Soft Matter, vol.8, issue.36, pp.9302-9321, 2012.

H. Matsumoto, Y. Koyama, and A. Tanioka, Interaction of proteins with weak amphoteric charged membrane surfaces: effect of PH, J. Colloid Interface Sci, vol.264, issue.1, pp.82-88, 2003.

H. Tamagawa and M. Taya, A theoretical prediction of the ions distribution in an amphoteric polymer gel, Mater Sci Eng a-Struct Mater Proper Microstruct Process, vol.285, issue.1-2, pp.314-325, 2000.

N. L. Burns, K. Holmberg, and C. Brink, Influence of surface charge on protein adsorption at an amphoteric surface: effects of varying acid to base ratio, J. Colloid Interface Sci, vol.178, issue.1, pp.116-122, 1996.

S. J. Fang and H. Kawaguchi, Colloidal properties and protein adsorption of amphoteric microspheres, Colloids Surf. a-Physicochem. Eng. Aspects, vol.211, issue.1, pp.79-84, 2002.

Y. F. Wang, M. S. Chow, and Z. Zuo, Mechanistic analysis of pH-dependent solubility and trans-membrane permeability of amphoteric compounds: application to sildenafil, Int. J. Pharm, vol.352, issue.1-2, pp.217-224, 2008.

R. Imboden and G. Imanidis, Effect of the amphoteric properties of salbutamol on its release rate through a polypropylene control membrane, Eur. J. Pharm. Biopharm, vol.47, issue.2, pp.161-167, 1999.

T. Kanamori, M. Fukuda, and K. Sakai, Structural-analysis of hemodialysis membranes by evaluating distribution volume of water contained in the membranes, J. Colloid Interface Sci, vol.171, issue.2, pp.361-365, 1995.

P. Fievet, C. Labbez, A. Szymczyk, A. Vidonne, A. Foissy et al., Electrolyte transport through amphoteric nanofiltration membranes, Chem. Eng. Sci, vol.57, issue.15, pp.2921-2931, 2002.

Y. Hirata, G. Sugihara, and A. Yamauchi, Transport number of an ion across an amphoteric ion-exchange membrane in CaCl 2 -nacl system, J. Membr. Sci, vol.66, issue.2-3, pp.235-240, 1992.

J. Balster, S. Srinkantharajah, R. Sumbharaju, I. Punt, R. G. Lammertink et al., Tailoring the interface layer of the bipolar membrane, J. Membr. Sci, vol.365, issue.1-2, pp.389-398, 2010.

V. Zabolotsky, S. Utin, A. Bespalov, and V. Strelkov, Modification of asymmetric bipolar membranes by functionalized hyperbranched polymers and their investigation during pH correction of diluted electrolytes solutions by electrodialysis, J. Membr. Sci, vol.494, pp.188-195, 2015.

R. Zahn, J. Voros, and T. Zambelli, Swelling of electrochemically active polyelectrolyte multilayers, Curr. Opin. Colloid Interface Sci, vol.15, issue.6, pp.427-434, 2010.

R. Narducci, L. Pasquini, J. F. Chailan, P. Knauth, M. L. Di et al., Low-permeability poly(ether Ether Ketone)-based ampholytic membranes, Chempluschem, vol.81, issue.6, pp.550-556, 2016.
URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01760150

F. D. Korosy, Amphoteric ion-permselective membrane, Desalination, vol.16, issue.1, pp.85-103, 1975.

P. Knauth, L. Pasquini, M. L. Di, and . Vona, Comparative study of the cation permeability of protonic, anionic and ampholytic membranes, Solid State Ion, vol.300, pp.97-105, 2017.

J. Yuan, C. H. Yu, J. Peng, Y. Wang, J. Ma et al., Facile synthesis of amphoteric ion exchange membrane by radiation grafting of sodium styrene sulfonate and N, N-dimethylaminoethyl methacrylate for vanadium redox flow battery, J. Polym. Sci. Part a-Polym. Chem, vol.51, issue.24, pp.5194-5202, 2013.

E. Sgreccia, L. Pasquini, G. Ercolani, P. Knauth, and M. Vona, Stimuli-responsive amphoteric ion exchange polymers bearing carboxylic and amine groups grafted to a cross-linkable silica network, Eur. Polym. J, 2019.
URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-02658067

Y. S. Yang, A. Siu, T. J. Peckham, and S. Holdcroft, Structural and morphological features of acid-bearing polymers for PEM fuel cells, Fuel Cells I, vol.215, pp.55-126, 2008.

H. Dang and P. Jannasch, A comparative study of anion-exchange membranes tethered with different hetero-cycloaliphatic quaternary ammonium hydroxides, J. Mater. Chem. A, vol.5, issue.41, pp.21965-21978, 2017.

M. L. Di-vona, R. Narducci, L. Pasquini, K. Pelzer, and P. Knauth, Anion-conducting ionomers: Study of type of functionalizing amine and macromolecular cross-linking, Int. J. Hydrogen Energy, vol.39, issue.26, pp.14039-14049, 2014.

L. Pasquini, M. L. Di-vona, and P. Knauth, Effects of anion substitution on hydration, ionic conductivity and mechanical properties of anion-exchange membranes, New J. Chem, vol.40, issue.4, pp.3671-3676, 2016.

R. Narducci, J. F. Chailan, A. Fahs, L. Pasquini, M. L. Di-vona et al., Mechanical properties of anion exchange membranes by combination of tensile stress-strain tests and dynamic mechanical analysis, J. Polym. Sci. Part B-Polym. Phys, vol.54, issue.12, pp.1180-1187, 2016.
URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01760151

M. D. Guiver, G. P. Robertson, S. Rowe, S. Foley, Y. S. Kang et al., Modified polysulfones. IV. Synthesis and characterization of polymers with silicon substituents for a comparative study of gas-transport properties, J. Polym. Sci. Part a-Polym. Chem, vol.39, issue.13, pp.2103-2124, 2001.

M. L. Di-vona, D. Marani, A. Epifanio, E. Traversa, M. Trombetta et al., A covalent organic/inorganic hybrid proton exchange polymeric membrane: synthesis and characterization, Polymer, vol.46, issue.6, pp.1754-1758, 2005.

S. Licoccia, M. L. Di-vona, A. Epifanio, Z. Ahmed, S. Bellitto et al., SPPSU-based hybrid proton conducting polymeric electrolytes for intermediate temperature PEMFCs, J. Power Sources, vol.167, issue.1, pp.79-83, 2007.

M. D. Guiver, S. Croteau, J. D. Hazlett, and O. Kutowy, Synthesis and characterization of carboxylated polysulfones, Br. Polym. J, vol.23, issue.1-2, pp.29-39, 1990.

D. Lin-vien, N. B. Colthup, W. G. Fateley, and J. G. Grasselli, The Handbook of Infrared and Raman Characteristic Frequencies of Organic Molecules, pp.155-178, 1991.

L. J. Bellamy, The Infrared Spectra of Complex Molecules, 1980.

G. Varsanyi, 3 -Normal vibrations of benzene and its derivatives, Vibrational Spectra of Benzene Derivatives, pp.141-393, 1969.

A. Ciferri and S. Kudaibergenov, Natural and synthetic polyampholytes, 1(a) theory and basic structures, Macromol. Rapid Commun, vol.28, issue.20, pp.1953-1968, 2007.

C. S. Patrickios, Polypeptide amino-acid-composition and isoelectric point. 1. A closed-form approximation, J. Colloid Interface Sci, vol.175, issue.1, pp.256-260, 1995.

H. K. Hall, Correlation of the base strengths of amines1, J. Am. Chem. Soc, vol.79, issue.20, pp.5441-5444, 1957.

W. S. Mungall, P. F. Britt, and A. C. Buchanan, Thermolysis of a polymer model of aromatic carboxylic acids in low-rank coal, Abstracts of Papers of the American Chemical Society, vol.213, p.6, 1997.

G. S. Manning, Counterion binding in polyelectrolyte theory, Acc. Chem. Res, vol.12, issue.12, pp.443-449, 1979.

R. Narducci, M. L. Di-vona, and P. Knauth, Cation-conducting ionomers made by ion exchange of sulfonated poly-ether-ether-ketone: Hydration, mechanical and thermal properties and ionic conductivity, J. Membr. Sci, vol.465, pp.185-192, 2014.

H. S. Dang and P. Jannasch, Exploring different cationic alkyl side chain designs for enhanced alkaline stability and hydroxide ion conductivity of anion-exchange membranes, Macromolecules, vol.48, issue.16, pp.5742-5751, 2015.

M. L. Di-vona, L. Pasquini, R. Narducci, K. Pelzer, A. Donnadio et al., Cross-linked sulfonated aromatic ionomers via SO 2 bridges: conductivity properties, J. Power Sources, vol.243, pp.488-493, 2013.

H. N. Sarode, Understanding ion and solvent transport in anion exchange membranes under humidified conditions, 2015.

R. W. Kopitzke, C. A. Linkous, H. R. Anderson, and G. L. Nelson, Conductivity and water uptake of aromatic-based proton exchange membrane electrolytes, J. Electrochem. Soc, vol.147, issue.5, pp.1677-1681, 2000.

C. X. Lin, X. Q. Wang, E. N. Hu, Q. Yang, Q. G. Zhang et al., Quaternized triblock polymer anion exchange membranes with enhanced alkaline stability, J. Membr. Sci, vol.541, pp.358-366, 2017.

R. Narducci, European Polymer Journal, vol.119, pp.45-51, 2019.