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membranes "Intrinsic" Anion Exchange Polymers through the Dissociation of Strong Basic Groups: PPO with Grafted Bicyclic Guanidines

Abstract : We synthesized anion exchange polymers by a reaction of chloromethylated poly(2,6-dimethyl-1,4-phenylene)oxide (PPO) with strongly basic 1,5,7-triazabicyclo[4.4.0]dec-5-ene (TBD). TBD contains secondary and tertiary amine groups in the guanidine portion. To favor the functionalization with the secondary amine, TBD was activated with butyl lithium. The yield of amine formation via the reaction of the benzyl chloride moiety with TBD was 85%. Furthermore, we prepared polymers with quaternary ammonium groups by the reaction of PPO-TBD with CH 3 I. The synthesis pathways and ionomer structure were investigated by NMR spectroscopy. The thermal decomposition of both ionomers, studied by thermogravimetry, started above 200 • C, corresponding to the loss of the basic group. The ion exchange capacities, water uptake and volumetric swelling are also reported. The "intrinsic" anion conductivity of PPO-TBD due to the dissociation of grafted TBD was in the order of 1 mS/cm (Cl form). The quaternized ionomer (PPO-TBD-Me) showed an even larger ionic conductivity, above 10 mS/cm at 80 • C in fully humidified conditions.
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Riccardo Narducci, Gianfranco Ercolani, Raul Andres Becerra-Arciniegas, Luca Pasquini, Philippe Knauth, et al.. membranes "Intrinsic" Anion Exchange Polymers through the Dissociation of Strong Basic Groups: PPO with Grafted Bicyclic Guanidines. Membranes, MDPI, 2019, 9 (5), pp.57. ⟨10.3390/membranes9050057⟩. ⟨hal-02658037⟩

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