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MYH9-related disorders display heterogeneous kidney involvement and outcome

Abstract : Background MYH9-related diseases (MYH9-RD) are autosomal dominant disorders caused by mutations of the MYH9 gene encoding the non-muscle myosin heavy chain IIA. They are characterized by congenital thrombocytopenia, giant platelets and leucocyte inclusions. Hearing impairment, pre-senile cataract and nephropathy can also occur. We aimed to evaluate renal involvement and outcome in MYH9-RD patients followed-up by nephrologists. Methods We conducted a retrospective multicentre observational study of 13 patients among 9 families with MYH9 mutation diagnosed by genetic testing and immunofluorescence assay referred to nephrologists. Results At initial referral, median age was 30 (range 14–76) years. Median estimated glomerular filtration rate was 66 mL/min/1.73 m2 (0–141) and two patients had already end-stage renal disease (ESRD). Renal presentation associated proteinuria (n = 12), haematuria (n = 6) and hypertension (n = 6). Three patients developed a rapid onset ESRD whereas five others had a relatively stable kidney function over a 3-year median follow-up (1–34). Extra-renal features varied widely, with hearing impairment in six patients, cataract in two and mild liver dysfunction in seven. Thrombocytopenia existed at referral in 11 patients. Time to diagnosis varied from 0 to 29 years (median 3 years). Initial diagnoses such as idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura (n = 4) and focal segmental glomerulosclerosis (n = 1) led to corticosteroid administration (n = 4), intravenous immunoglobulins (n = 3), cyclophosphamide (n = 1) and splenectomy (n = 1). Conclusions Renal involvement and outcome in MYH9-RD are heterogeneous. The diagnosis is often delayed and misdiagnoses can lead to unnecessary treatments. MYH9-RD should be considered in any patient with glomerular involvement associated with a low or slightly decreased platelet count and/or hearing loss and liver dysfunction.
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Nahid Tabibzadeh, Dominique Fleury, Delphine Labatut, Frank Bridoux, Arnaud Lionet, et al.. MYH9-related disorders display heterogeneous kidney involvement and outcome. Clinical Kidney Journal, Oxford University Press, 2019, 12 (4), pp.494-502. ⟨10.1093/ckj/sfy117⟩. ⟨hal-02733835⟩

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