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Detection of glyceraldehyde and glycerol in VUV processed interstellar ice analogues containing formaldehyde: a general formation route for sugars and polyols

Abstract : Complex organic molecules (COMs) have been identified toward high-and low-mass pro-tostars as well as molecular clouds. Among them sugar-like and polyol two carbon-bearing molecules such as glycolaldehyde and ethylene glycol are of special interest. Recent laboratory experiments have shown that they can efficiently be formed via atom addition reactions between accreting H-atoms and CO molecules or via energetic processes (UV, electrons) on ice analogues containing methanol or formaldehyde. In this study we report new laboratory experiments on the low temperature solid state formation of complex organic molecules-the first sugar glyceraldehyde and its saturated derivative glycerol-through VUV photolysis performed at three different temperatures (15, 50 and 90 K) of astrochemically relevant ices composed of water and formaldehyde. We get evidence that the species production depends on the ice temperature during photolysis. The results presented here indicate that a general scheme of aldose and polyol formation is plausible and that heavier COMs than GA and EG could exist in interstellar environments. We propose a general pathway involving radical-formaldehyde reactions as common initiation step for aldose and polyol formation. Future telescope observations may give additional clues on their presence in star forming regions as observations are currently limited because of the detection thresholds.
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https://hal-amu.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-02883737
Contributor : Fabrice Duvernay <>
Submitted on : Monday, June 29, 2020 - 1:59:09 PM
Last modification on : Tuesday, June 30, 2020 - 3:36:27 AM

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  • HAL Id : hal-02883737, version 1

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Y Layssac, A. Gutiérrez-Quintanilla, T. Chiavassa, Fabrice Duvernay. Detection of glyceraldehyde and glycerol in VUV processed interstellar ice analogues containing formaldehyde: a general formation route for sugars and polyols. MNRAS, 2020, 000, pp.1 - 15. ⟨hal-02883737⟩

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