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La pensée chinoise et la question de l'éthique animale: considérations rituelles, hygiéniques et morales

Abstract : This article aims to question the ethical and moral considerations that thinkers of ancient China had regarding other animal species. First, the article invites us to think about ritual and hygienic considerations through two main schools of thought: respectively Confucianism and Daoism. Then, the latter are putting into perspective with the altruism consideration of Buddhism. Secondly, the article proposes a short presentation of the idea of animal ethics through the notion of morality used in “morality books” of Late Imperial China. On a larger scale, animal suffering remains an issue of concern for humans all around the world then and now, with various degrees of sensitivity and empathy. A question that this article would like to raise — and which it does not pretend to answer though — is whether there is a form of continuity, in ideological terms, between historical animal ethics and contemporary concerns about animal suffering. Indeed, animal ethics are no longer a matter of thinkers, philosophers or an elite of scholars and intellectuals who would debate what moral disposition is the most rational to have. It is a matter of the entire social world in its diversity, from collective to individual actions, which seizes to tackle the problem of killing animals without the crucial need to do it. The article proposes conclusive remarks on the current ethical and ecological emergency to break down with the sociocultural mechanism that would justify the domination of man over his fellows, which are “the animals that therefore we are”.
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Contributor : Laurent Chircop-Reyes <>
Submitted on : Sunday, November 8, 2020 - 9:49:34 PM
Last modification on : Tuesday, November 10, 2020 - 3:30:50 AM

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Laurent Chircop-Reyes. La pensée chinoise et la question de l'éthique animale: considérations rituelles, hygiéniques et morales. Impressions d'Extrême-Orient, Aix Marseille Université, 2019, ⟨10.4000/ideo.1250⟩. ⟨hal-02995043⟩

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