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Gut bacteria-derived peptidoglycan induces a metabolic syndrome-like phenotype via NF-κB-dependent insulin/PI3K signaling reduction in Drosophila renal system

Abstract : Although microbiome-host interactions are usual at steady state, gut microbiota dysbiosis can unbalance the physiological and behavioral parameters of the host, mostly via yet not understood mechanisms. Using the Drosophila model, we investigated the consequences of a gut chronic dysbiosis on the host physiology. Our results show that adult flies chronically infected with the non-pathogenic Erwinia carotorova caotovora bacteria displayed organ degeneration resembling wasting-like phenotypes reminiscent of Metabolic Syndrome associated pathologies. Genetic manipulations demonstrate that a local reduction of insulin signaling consecutive to a peptidoglycan-dependent NF-κB activation in the excretory system of the flies is responsible for several of the observed phenotypes. this work establishes a functional crosstalk between bacteria-derived peptidoglycan and the immune NF-κB cascade that contributes to the onset of metabolic disorders by reducing insulin signal transduction. Giving the high degree of evolutionary conservation of the mechanisms and pathways involved, this study is likely to provide a helpful model to elucidate the contribution of altered intestinal microbiota in triggering human chronic kidney diseases.
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https://hal-amu.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-03021698
Contributor : Sébastien Poulain Connect in order to contact the contributor
Submitted on : Tuesday, November 24, 2020 - 2:21:51 PM
Last modification on : Wednesday, November 3, 2021 - 5:54:14 AM
Long-term archiving on: : Thursday, February 25, 2021 - 8:07:12 PM

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Olivier Zugasti, Raphäel Tavignot, Julien Royet. Gut bacteria-derived peptidoglycan induces a metabolic syndrome-like phenotype via NF-κB-dependent insulin/PI3K signaling reduction in Drosophila renal system. Scientific Reports, Nature Publishing Group, 2020, 10 (1), pp.14097. ⟨10.1038/s41598-020-70455-7⟩. ⟨hal-03021698⟩

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