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Usages publics de la figure des intellectuels exilés dans l’Espagne de la Transition démocratique

Abstract : This chapter focuses on the “truncated branch” of contemporary Spanish culture constituted by the republican exile of 1939 (in its senses of diaspora and cultural corpus). It proposes to study the process of its “reintegration” to the nation during the democratic Transition. The crisis of the Franco regime and the death of the dictator opened to exiles the possibility of return. The chapter analyzes thus the reception of these returns from exile in Transition Spain, and more precisely the public uses of the figure and the production of the exiled intellectuals by the determining actors of this process (governments, opposition groups and the media). The starting hypothesis is that these “returned” intellectuals posed the problem of taking the 1931 republican model into account in the elaboration of the post-Francoist project of state and society, a rupture model hardly compatible with the reform process finally designed. How was the return of the exiled republicans in Transitional Spain welcomed? What political and discursive strategies did the different actors of the transitional process use to integrate exile into their new logics of action? Under what conditions, and at what price, could the intellectuals and the exiled militants be integrated into the society, culture and political life of post-Franco Spain?
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https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-03035257
Contributor : Eve Fourmont Giustiniani Connect in order to contact the contributor
Submitted on : Wednesday, November 24, 2021 - 6:11:18 PM
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Eve Fourmont Giustiniani. Usages publics de la figure des intellectuels exilés dans l’Espagne de la Transition démocratique. Elisabel Larriba; Eduardo González Calleja. Les Intellectuels espagnols en temps de crise (XIXe-XXe siècles), Presses Universitaires de Provence, pp.277-311, 2021, 9791032003435. ⟨hal-03035257⟩

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