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High-speed atomic force microscopy highlights new molecular mechanism of daptomycin action

Abstract : The increase in speed of the high-speed atomic force microscopy (HS-AFM) compared to that of the conventional AFM made possible the first-ever visualisation at the molecular-level of the activity of an antimicrobial peptide on a membrane. We investigated the medically prescribed but poorly understood lipopeptide Daptomycin under infection-like conditions (37°C, bacterial lipid composition and antibiotic concentrations). We confirmed so far hypothetical models: Dap oligomerization and the existence of half pores. Moreover, we detected unknown molecular mechanisms: new mechanisms to form toroidal pores or to resist Dap action, and to unprecedently quantify the energy profile of interacting oligomers. Finally, the biological and medical relevance of the findings was ensured by a multi-scale multi-nativeness-from the molecule to the cell-correlation of molecular-level information from living bacteria (Bacillus subtilis strains) to liquid-suspended vesicles and supportedmembranes using electron and optical microscopies and the lipid tension probe FliptR, where we found that the cells with a healthier state of their cell wall show smaller membrane deformations.
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https://hal-amu.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-03052546
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Submitted on : Friday, December 11, 2020 - 1:37:05 PM
Last modification on : Monday, July 12, 2021 - 9:39:10 AM
Long-term archiving on: : Friday, March 12, 2021 - 7:35:54 PM

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Francesca Zuttion, Adai Colom, Stefan Matile, Denes Farago, Frédérique Pompeo, et al.. High-speed atomic force microscopy highlights new molecular mechanism of daptomycin action. Nature Communications, Nature Publishing Group, 2020, 11 (1), ⟨10.1038/s41467-020-19710-z⟩. ⟨hal-03052546⟩

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