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Global Value Chains and Local Business Environments: Which Factors Really Matter in Developing Countries?

Abstract : This study assesses the effect of an economy’s business environment on the ability of firms to be part of a global value chain (GVC). With the use of a comprehensive firm-level dataset from the World Bank Enterprise Survey—and with a special focus on the countries of the Middle East and North Africa and East Asia and Pacific regions—the contribution of the paper is threefold: First, it provides a range of measures of the characteristics of firms that would identify a firm as likely to be integrated into a GVC. Second, it examines the association between an array of business environment variables—infrastructure; access to finance; fiscal policy; enforcement of contracts; ease of obtaining permits; extent of the informal sector; trade procedures; and firm and investor security—and the likelihood of a firm’s being integrated into a GVC. Third, we examine these effects separately for small and large firms and for sectors with high and low tariffs. Our main findings show that, in general, the number of days that are required to pay taxes, the number of procedures that are necessary to register property, and the time to export and to import have a significantly negative association with the likelihood of a firm’s integration into a GVC. More heterogeneity is observed at the regional level, at the firm size level, and for sectors with high versus low tariffs.
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Submitted on : Friday, March 5, 2021 - 3:24:28 PM
Last modification on : Monday, March 29, 2021 - 2:46:29 PM

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Marion Dovis, Chahir Zaki. Global Value Chains and Local Business Environments: Which Factors Really Matter in Developing Countries?. Review of Industrial Organization, Springer US, 2020, 57 (2), pp.481-513. ⟨10.1007/s11151-020-09768-w⟩. ⟨hal-03123185⟩

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