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Les paysans drômois devant les parlers locaux

Abstract : In Drôme, as is the case elsewhere, local dialects are regressing. They are limited to certain areas of social life and are really used only by farmers over sixty or sixty-five. But sociological and psycho-ethnical factors contribute to complicating and disturbing the rational process of the disappearance of these dialects. Children, whose only native tongue is French and to whom the local dialect seems incongruous, are nonetheless more or less strongly impregnated with local speech, essentially because of the fact that their grandparents live with them. Adults nearing old age sometimes begin once again. — or even merely begin — to speak the patois of their childhood. The most dynamic, forwardlooking farmers are also the ones who are the most interested in local dialect. Thus, in Drôme, it is often possible to make dialectological studies by generation. Although the pressure of the French language is stronger than ever, and although the current evolution of traditional rural structures is not conducive to the maintenance of local dialects, there are indubitably « braking » phenomena which are partially due to a need for maintaining a cultural identity, which is constantly threatened. This article merely provides a brief study of these phenomena, a study which ought to be further developed within an interdisciplinary framework.
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Submitted on : Wednesday, February 17, 2021 - 12:09:16 PM
Last modification on : Thursday, April 14, 2022 - 3:16:09 AM


  • HAL Id : hal-03144103, version 1



Jean-Claude Bouvier. Les paysans drômois devant les parlers locaux. Ethnologie française, 1973, 3 (3/4), pp.229-234. ⟨hal-03144103⟩



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