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Culturomics Discloses Anti-Tubercular Enterococci Exclusive of Pulmonary Tuberculosis: A Preliminary Report

Abstract : Mycobacterium tuberculosis causes pulmonary tuberculosis, a deadly infection of which the clinical expression and prognosis are not fully understood at the individual level, apart from genetic susceptibility traits. We investigated whether individual gut microbiota may correlate with pulmonary tuberculosis status. Culturomics investigations of gut microbiota in two pulmonary tuberculosis patients and two controls in Burkina Faso found 60 different bacterial species in patients and 97 in controls, including 45 in common. Further analysis of the results at the individual level indicated seven bacteria, including Enterococcus mundtii and Enterococcus casseliflavus, which were exclusively cultured in controls. Blind quantitative PCR-based exploration of faeces samples in two cohorts in Burkina Faso and in France confirmed a nonsignificant association of E. mundtii and E. casseliflavus with controls. Further in vitro explorations found four E. mundtii and E. casseliflavus strains inhibiting the growth of M. tuberculosis strains representative of four different lineages as well as Mycobacterium africanum, Mycobacterium canettii, and Mycobacterium bovis, in an inoculum-dependent manner. Heat-killed E. mundtii or E. casseliflavus were ineffective. These unprecedented observations of direct interactions between gut E. mundtii and E. casseliflavus with M. tuberculosis complex mycobacteria suggest that gut microbiota may modulate the expression of pulmonary tuberculosis.
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https://hal-amu.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-03149701
Contributor : Isabelle Combe <>
Submitted on : Tuesday, February 23, 2021 - 11:52:51 AM
Last modification on : Wednesday, March 17, 2021 - 9:26:03 AM

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Mustapha Fellag, Nina Gouba, Marielle Bedotto, Moussa Sakana, Dezemon Zingue, et al.. Culturomics Discloses Anti-Tubercular Enterococci Exclusive of Pulmonary Tuberculosis: A Preliminary Report. Microorganisms, 2020, 8 (10), ⟨10.3390/microorganisms8101544⟩. ⟨hal-03149701⟩

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