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Phenotypic and genotypic characterization of clinical carbapenem-resistant Enterobacteriaceae isolates from Sokoto, northwest Nigeria

Abstract : Emergence and spread of carbapenemase-producing Enterobacteriaceae (CPE) are two of the major problems currently threatening global public health. In Nigeria, interest in CPE is recent. In Sokoto, northwest Nigeria, there are no data on the prevalence and mechanism underlying carbapenem resistance. In this study, we aimed to investigate the presence of clinical carbapenems-resistant Enterobacteriaceae isolates in two leading hospitals in Sokoto, northwest Nigeria. A total of 292 non-duplicate Enterobacteriaceae isolated from clinical specimens processed in the diagnostic laboratories of two hospitals between January and June 2019 were collected. Of these, 129 (44.2 %) and 19 (6.5%) were resistant to third-generation cephalosporin and carbapenems, respectively. RT-PCR revealed that 10 (7.8%), 19 (14.7%) and 46 (35.7%) of the third-generation cephalosporin-resistant isolates harboured bla(SHV), bla(TEM) and bla(CTX-M) genes, respectively. The modified Carba NP test result showed that only 7 (36.8 %) of the 19 carbapenem-resistant isolates were carbapenemase producing; among them, bla(NDM-5) and bla(OXA-181) genes were identified in five and two isolates, respectively. However, none of the carbapenemase genes investigated, including bla(VIM), bla(KPC) and bla(IMP), was detected in the remaining carbapenem-resistant isolates, suggesting a non-enzymatic mechanism. This study reports for the first time, the emergence of CPE in Sokoto state and the detection of NDM-producing Citrobacter freundii in Nigeria. The observed CPE in this study is a concern in a country where alternative antibiotics are rarely available. (C) 2020 The Authors. Published by Elsevier Ltd.
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Submitted on : Tuesday, February 23, 2021 - 11:53:34 AM
Last modification on : Wednesday, March 17, 2021 - 9:26:03 AM

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J. -M. Rolain, S. M. Diene, A. Olowo-Okere, Y. K. E. Ibrahim, B. O. Olayinka, et al.. Phenotypic and genotypic characterization of clinical carbapenem-resistant Enterobacteriaceae isolates from Sokoto, northwest Nigeria. NEW MICROBES AND NEW INFECTIONS, 2020, 37, ⟨10.1016/j.nmni.2020.100727⟩. ⟨hal-03149716⟩

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