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Fludarabine/busulfan versus fludarabine/total-body-irradiation (2 Gy) as conditioning prior to allogeneic stem cell transplantation in patients (≥60 years) with acute myelogenous leukemia: a study of the acute leukemia working party of the EBMT

Abstract : Nonmyeloablative (NMA) conditioning regimens facilitate allogeneic stem cell transplantation (alloSCT) in elderly patients and/or in those with comorbidities. The acute leukemia working party (ALWP) of the European Society for Blood and Marrow Transplantation (EBMT) compared the outcomes of patients ≥60 years with AML in first complete remission (CR1), that had received an alloSCT following NMA conditioning, i.e. either fludarabine/busulfan (FB2) or fludarabine/total-body-irradiation-2Gy (FluTBI2Gy). A total of 1088 patients were included (median age 65 years). Donors were matched siblings (MSD) and matched unrelated donors (MUD) in 47% and 53%, respectively. In vivo T-cell depletion (TCD) was applied to 79% and none (0%) of patients in the FB2 and FluTBI2Gy groups, respectively. In the MSD group we found a trend for less extensive cGVHD in patients receiving FB2 with in vivo TCD, HR: 0.49, p = 0.08, and in those without worse NRM, HR: 2.14, p = 0.04, and a trend for more total cGVHD, HR: 1.61, p = 0.09. Patients transplanted from MUDs had a significantly higher incidence of total cGVHD, extensive cGVHD and a worse GRFS with FluTBI2Gy in comparison to FB2, HR: 2.44; p < 0.0001; HR 4.59; p < 0.00001 and HR: 1.35; p = 0.03, respectively. No differences were observed with respect to LFS, OS, RI, NRM, and aGVHD.
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Submitted on : Thursday, February 25, 2021 - 8:28:49 PM
Last modification on : Thursday, March 31, 2022 - 4:09:27 AM

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Thomas Heinicke, Myriam Labopin, Emmanuelle Polge, Dietger Niederwieser, Uwe Platzbecker, et al.. Fludarabine/busulfan versus fludarabine/total-body-irradiation (2 Gy) as conditioning prior to allogeneic stem cell transplantation in patients (≥60 years) with acute myelogenous leukemia: a study of the acute leukemia working party of the EBMT. Bone Marrow Transplantation, Nature Publishing Group, 2020, 55 (4), pp.729-739. ⟨10.1038/s41409-019-0720-0⟩. ⟨hal-03152845⟩

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