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Galactosaminogalactan activates the inflammasome to provide host protection

Abstract : Galactosaminogalactan of Aspergillus fumigatus acts as a pathogen-associated molecular pattern that activates the NLRP3 inflammasome, which is crucial for anti-fungal host defence.Inflammasomes are important sentinels of innate immune defence that are activated in response to diverse stimuli, including pathogen-associated molecular patterns (PAMPs)(1). Activation of the inflammasome provides host defence against aspergillosis(2,3), which is a major health concern for patients who are immunocompromised. However, the Aspergillus fumigatus PAMPs that are responsible for inflammasome activation are not known. Here we show that the polysaccharide galactosaminogalactan (GAG) of A. fumigatus is a PAMP that activates the NLRP3 inflammasome. The binding of GAG to ribosomal proteins inhibited cellular translation machinery, and thus activated the NLRP3 inflammasome. The galactosamine moiety bound to ribosomal proteins and blocked cellular translation, which triggered activation of the NLRP3 inflammasome. In mice, a GAG-deficient Aspergillus mutant (Delta gt4c) did not elicit protective activation of the inflammasome, and this strain exhibited enhanced virulence. Moreover, administration of GAG protected mice from colitis induced by dextran sulfate sodium in an inflammasome-dependent manner. Thus, ribosomes connect the sensing of this fungal PAMP to the activation of an innate immune response.
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https://hal-amu.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-03163638
Contributor : Yves Bourne <>
Submitted on : Tuesday, March 9, 2021 - 1:43:08 PM
Last modification on : Saturday, April 10, 2021 - 3:30:45 AM

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Benoit Briard, Thierry Fontaine, Parimal Samir, David Place, Laetitia Muszkieta, et al.. Galactosaminogalactan activates the inflammasome to provide host protection. Nature, Nature Publishing Group, 2020, 588 (7839), pp.688-692. ⟨10.1038/s41586-020-2996-z⟩. ⟨hal-03163638⟩

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