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Images du corps dans les traités médicaux espagnols de la fin du XVe au XVIIe siècle

Abstract : This chapter of the book analyses the images of the body (mainly engravings) in medical treatises of the Modern Period. The study covers both engravings included in the text itself (medical illustrations) and images present in the paratext (frontispieces, in particular). My contribution analyses these images, proposes a typology, and links it to the idea of transmission: transmission of knowledge (anatomical knowledge, in particular), but also transmission of ideologies. For the representation of the body is often at the service of philosophical convictions (such as the theme of the man-machine) or moral convictions (certain illustrations introduce the theme of vanitas, and phenomena of intericonicity occur between medical engravings and pictorial vanities). Finally, the images of the female and male body also reveal the presence of ideologies. If the female body is of interest to doctors, it is above all (if not exclusively) because of its reproductive role, as shown by the numerous representations of gravida. Other medical engravings, devoted to the female genital apparatus, represent the woman as an inverted man, a man "in the hollow", revealing that, in these discourses, the male body is the norm and the female body the deviation. Finally, many engravings reveal the impregnation of medical knowledge by morality and religion, the permeability of knowledge and content, which circulate from one text to another. Many frontispieces, for example, place medical practice under the aegis of religion: through these images, doctors present themselves as both doctors of the body and doctors of the soul, in a medical practice whose aim is not only health, but also virtue and the salvation of souls.
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Contributor : Christine Orobitg Connect in order to contact the contributor
Submitted on : Monday, March 29, 2021 - 1:53:06 PM
Last modification on : Tuesday, October 19, 2021 - 10:59:55 PM

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Christine Orobitg. Images du corps dans les traités médicaux espagnols de la fin du XVe au XVIIe siècle. Image et transmission de savoirs dans le monde Hispanique, études réunies par Jean Louis Guereña, Tours, Presses Universitaires François Rabelais, 2007, p. 255-270, 2007, ⟨10.4000/books.pufr.5655⟩. ⟨hal-03184348⟩



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