Service interruption on Monday 11 July from 12:30 to 13:00: all the sites of the CCSD (HAL, EpiSciences, SciencesConf, AureHAL) will be inaccessible (network hardware connection).
Skip to Main content Skip to Navigation
Journal articles

Virtual Reality and Fear of Shark Attack: A Case Study for the Treatment of Squalophobia

Abstract : Research treatment protocols are rare regarding an unusual anxiety disorder, namely the fear of sharks (squalophobia). As a possible solution, the effectiveness of virtual reality (VR) exposure therapy for this phobia was tested. The advantage of using VR becomes clearer when a real life set up is impractical, such as exposing a phobic patient to a feared large marine organism, the shark. The effects were evaluated in a single case study involving multiple context-graded aquatic virtual environments with a virtual shark and using affordable VR apparatus and software. Assessment was based on self-report questionnaires. Scores the psychometric instruments exhibited a discernable reduction in fear toward sharks. Such gains were maintained at a 12-month follow-up. Presence rates indicated immersion when confronted to a three-dimensional (3D) virtual shark. This initial study revealed the potential of VR for the treatment of marine biota phobia and its potential to recreate diverse situations for exposure therapy.
Document type :
Journal articles
Complete list of metadata
Contributor : Patrick Ferrand Connect in order to contact the contributor
Submitted on : Monday, May 10, 2021 - 2:53:36 PM
Last modification on : Wednesday, November 3, 2021 - 4:03:32 AM




Eric Malbos, George Burgess, Christophe Lançon. Virtual Reality and Fear of Shark Attack: A Case Study for the Treatment of Squalophobia. Clinical Case Studies, SAGE Publications, 2020, 19 (5), pp.339-354. ⟨10.1177/1534650120940014⟩. ⟨hal-03222797⟩



Record views