Occurrence of Ten Protozoan Enteric Pathogens in Three Non-Human Primate Populations - Archive ouverte HAL Access content directly
Journal Articles Pathogens Year : 2021

Occurrence of Ten Protozoan Enteric Pathogens in Three Non-Human Primate Populations

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Abstract

Non-human primate populations act as potential reservoirs for human pathogens, including viruses, bacteria and parasites, which can lead to zoonotic infections. Furthermore, intestinal microorganisms may be pathogenic organisms to both non-human primates and humans. It is, therefore, essential to study the prevalence of these infectious agents in captive and wild non-human primates. This study aimed at showing the prevalence of the most frequently encountered human enteric protozoa in non-human primate populations based on qPCR detection. The three populations studied were common chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes) in Senegal and gorillas (Gorilla gorilla) in the Republic of the Congo and in the Beauval Zoo (France). Blastocystis spp. were mainly found, with an occurrence close to 100%, followed by Balantidiumcoli (23.7%), Giardiaintestinalis (7.9%), Encephalitozoonintestinalis (1.3%) and Dientamoebafragilis (0.2%). None of the following protozoa were detected: Entamoebahistolytica, Enterocytozoonbieneusi, Cryptosporidiumparvum, C. hominis, Cyclosporacayetanensis or Cystoisosporabelli. As chimpanzees and gorillas are genetically close to humans, it is important to monitor them frequently against different pathogens to protect these endangered species and to assess potential zoonotic transmissions to humans.
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Dates and versions

hal-03243188 , version 1 (01-06-2021)

Licence

Attribution - CC BY 4.0

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Estelle Menu, Bernard Davoust, Oleg Mediannikov, Jean Akiana, Baptiste Mulot, et al.. Occurrence of Ten Protozoan Enteric Pathogens in Three Non-Human Primate Populations. Pathogens, 2021, 10 (3), pp.280. ⟨10.3390/pathogens10030280⟩. ⟨hal-03243188⟩
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