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Journal Articles Scientific Reports Year : 2016

Few layer epitaxial germanene: a novel two-dimensional Dirac material

Abstract

Monolayer germanene, a novel graphene-like germanium allotrope akin to silicene has been recently grown on metallic substrates. Lying directly on the metal surfaces the reconstructed atom-thin sheets are prone to lose the massless Dirac fermion character and unique associated physical properties of free standing germanene. Here, we show that few layer germanene, which we create by dry epitaxy on a gold template, possesses Dirac cones thanks to a reduced interaction. This finding established on synchrotron-radiation-based photoemission, scanning tunneling microscopy imaging and surface electron diffraction places few layer germanene among the rare two-dimensional Dirac materials. Since germanium is currently used in the mainstream Si-based electronics, perspectives of using germanene for scaling down beyond the 5 nm node appear very promising. Other fascinating properties seem at hand, typically the robust quantum spin Hall effect for applications in spintronics and the engineering of Floquet Majorana fermions by light for quantum computing.
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Dates and versions

hal-03246039 , version 1 (02-06-2021)

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Attribution - CC BY 4.0

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María Eugenia Dávila, Guy Le Lay. Few layer epitaxial germanene: a novel two-dimensional Dirac material. Scientific Reports, 2016, 6, ⟨10.1038/srep20714⟩. ⟨hal-03246039⟩

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