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Risk factors for acquisition of colistin-resistant Klebsiella pneumoniae and expansion of a colistin-resistant ST307 epidemic clone in hospitals in Marseille, France, 2014 to 2017

Abstract : Background France is a low prevalence country for colistin resistance. Molecular and epidemiological events contributing to the emergence of resistance to colistin, one of the 'last-resort' antibiotics to treat multidrug-resistant Gram-negative infections, are important to investigate. Aim This retrospective (2014 to 2017) observational study aimed to identify risk factors associated with acquisition of colistin-resistant Klebsiella pneumoniae (CRKP) in hospitals in Marseille, France, and to molecularly characterise clinical isolates. Methods To identify risk factors for CRKP, a matched-case–control (1:2) study was performed in two groups of patients with CRKP or colistin-susceptible K. pneumoniae respectively. Whole-genome-sequences (WGS) of CRKP were compared with 6,412 K. pneumoniae genomes available at the National Center for Biotechnology Information (NCBI). Results Multivariate analysis identified male sex and contact with a patient carrying a CRKP as significant independent factors (p < 0.05) for CRKP acquisition, but not colistin administration. WGS of nine of 14 CRKP clinical isolates belonged to the same sequence type (ST)307. These isolates were from patients who had been hospitalised in the same wards, suggesting an outbreak. Comparison of the corresponding strains’ WGS to K. pneumoniae genomes in NCBI revealed that in chromosomal genes likely playing a role in colistin resistance, a subset of five specific mutations were significantly associated with ST307 (p < 0.001). Conclusion A ST307 CRKP clone was identified in this study, with specific chromosomal mutations in genes potentially implicated in colistin resistance. ST307 might have a propensity to be or become resistant to colistin, however confirming this requires further investigations.
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https://hal-amu.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-03281573
Contributor : Isabelle Combe <>
Submitted on : Thursday, July 8, 2021 - 12:39:51 PM
Last modification on : Friday, July 9, 2021 - 4:30:21 AM

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Sophie Alexandra Baron, Nadim Cassir, Mouna Hamel, Linda Hadjadj, Nadia Saidani, et al.. Risk factors for acquisition of colistin-resistant Klebsiella pneumoniae and expansion of a colistin-resistant ST307 epidemic clone in hospitals in Marseille, France, 2014 to 2017. Eurosurveillance, European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control, 2021, 26 (21), ⟨10.2807/1560-7917.ES.2021.26.21.2000022⟩. ⟨hal-03281573⟩

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