Alteration of L-Dopa decarboxylase expression in SARS-CoV-2 infection and its association with the interferon-inducible ACE2 isoform - Archive ouverte HAL Access content directly
Journal Articles PLoS ONE Year : 2021

Alteration of L-Dopa decarboxylase expression in SARS-CoV-2 infection and its association with the interferon-inducible ACE2 isoform

(1) , (1) , (2) , (3) , (2) , (1) , (4) , (5) , (6) , (2) , (1, 7) , (2) , (1)
1
2
3
4
5
6
7

Abstract

L-Dopa decarboxylase ( DDC ) is the most significantly co-expressed gene with ACE2 , which encodes for the SARS-CoV-2 receptor a ngiotensin- c onverting e nzyme 2 and the interferon-inducible truncated isoform dACE2 . Our group previously showed the importance of DDC in viral infections. We hereby aimed to investigate DDC expression in COVID-19 patients and cultured SARS-CoV-2-infected cells, also in association with ACE2 and dACE2 . We concurrently evaluated the expression of the viral infection- and interferon-stimulated gene ISG56 and the immune-modulatory, hypoxia-regulated gene EPO . Viral load and mRNA levels of DDC , ACE2 , dACE2 , ISG56 and EPO were quantified by RT-qPCR in nasopharyngeal swab samples from COVID-19 patients, showing no or mild symptoms, and from non-infected individuals. Samples from influenza-infected patients were analyzed in comparison. SARS-CoV-2-mediated effects in host gene expression were validated in cultured virus-permissive epithelial cells. We found substantially higher gene expression of DDC in COVID-19 patients (7.6-fold; p = 1.2e-13) but not in influenza-infected ones, compared to non-infected subjects. dACE2 was more elevated (2.9-fold; p = 1.02e-16) than ACE2 (1.7-fold; p = 0.0005) in SARS-CoV-2-infected individuals. ISG56 (2.5-fold; p = 3.01e-6) and EPO (2.6-fold; p = 2.1e-13) were also increased. Detected differences were not attributed to enrichment of specific cell populations in nasopharyngeal tissue. While SARS-CoV-2 virus load was positively associated with ACE2 expression (r≥0.8, p<0.001), it negatively correlated with DDC , dACE2 (r≤−0.7, p<0.001) and EPO (r≤−0.5, p<0.05). Moreover, a statistically significant correlation between DDC and dACE2 expression was observed in nasopharyngeal swab and whole blood samples of both COVID-19 and non-infected individuals (r≥0.7). In VeroE6 cells, SARS-CoV-2 negatively affected DDC , ACE2 , dACE2 and EPO mRNA levels, and induced cell death, while ISG56 was enhanced at early hours post-infection. Thus, the regulation of DDC , dACE2 and EPO expression in the SARS-CoV-2-infected nasopharyngeal tissue is possibly related with an orchestrated antiviral response of the infected host as the virus suppresses these genes to favor its propagation.
Fichier principal
Vignette du fichier
journal.pone.0253458.pdf (3.38 Mo) Télécharger le fichier
Origin : Publisher files allowed on an open archive

Dates and versions

hal-03334348 , version 1 (06-09-2021)

Licence

Attribution - CC BY 4.0

Identifiers

Cite

George Mpekoulis, Efseveia Frakolaki, Styliani Taka, Anastasios Ioannidis, Alice Vassiliou, et al.. Alteration of L-Dopa decarboxylase expression in SARS-CoV-2 infection and its association with the interferon-inducible ACE2 isoform. PLoS ONE, 2021, 16 (6), pp.e0253458. ⟨10.1371/journal.pone.0253458⟩. ⟨hal-03334348⟩
87 View
23 Download

Altmetric

Share

Gmail Facebook Twitter LinkedIn More