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Pearl millet genotype impacts microbial diversity and enzymatic activities in relation to root-adhering soil aggregation

Abstract : The interactions between plant roots and the associated microbiota impact soil aggregation, water retention and plant nutrient availability. Thus, selection of plant genotypes that promote microbial species involved in rootadhering soil aggregation and rhizosheath formation could help improve yield sustainably. Here, we tested pearl millet genotypic variation in both root-adhering soil aggregation, microbiological and biochemical characteristic. Methods: A collection of 181 pearl millet inbred lines was phenotyped for their rhizosheath size, and thirteen contrasting genotypes were selected and grown under field conditions, and their root-adhering soil (RAS) was sampled. Microbial biomass, pH, mineral N content and six enzymatic activities involved in main nutrients cycles were analyzed, and metabarcoding of 16S rDNA and ITS were performed for bacterial and fungal diversity. Results: Enzymatic activities (chitinase, acid phosphomonoesterase, FDA-hydrolysis and β-glucosidase) were higher in RAS of larger rhizosheath lines than that of smaller rhizosheath one. Bacterial β-diversity showed a separation of the most contrasting lines in the principal coordinate analysis performed with the Bray-Curtis distance. Some bacteria from the Gaiellaceae and Sphingomonadaceae families and the Bradyrhizobium genus were associated with the large rhizosheath phenotype. Concerning the fungal community, we noticed a negative correlation between the specific richness and the rhizosheath size and Trichoderma genus was positively associated to the rhizosheath size. Conclusions: This study demonstrates that in pearl millet, rhizosheath size is related to soil nutrient dynamics and microbiota diversity. However, it also shows that other factors shape this trait and their relative importance must be determined.
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Submitted on : Wednesday, September 8, 2021 - 9:45:50 AM
Last modification on : Friday, May 20, 2022 - 9:04:09 AM
Long-term archiving on: : Friday, December 10, 2021 - 9:53:22 AM

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Papa Mamadou Sitor Ndour, Cheikh Mbacké Barry, Diamé Tine, Carla de la Fuente Cantó, Mariama Gueye, et al.. Pearl millet genotype impacts microbial diversity and enzymatic activities in relation to root-adhering soil aggregation. Plant and Soil, Springer Verlag, 2021, 464, pp.109-129. ⟨10.1007/s11104-021-04917-w⟩. ⟨hal-03337505⟩

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