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Bread and Social Justice: Measurement of Social Welfare and Inequality Using Anthropometrics

Abstract : We address the question of the measurement of health achievement and inequality in the context of variables exhibiting an inverted-U relation with health and well-being. The chosen approach is to measure separately achievement and inequality in the health increasing range of the variable, from a lower survival bound a to an optimum value m, and in the health decreasing range from m to an upper survival bound b. Because in the health decreasing range, the equally distributed equivalent value associated with a distribution is decreasing in progressive transfers, the paper introduces appropriate relative and absolute achievement and inequality indices to be used for variables exhibiting a negative association with well-being. We then discuss questions pertaining to consistent measurement across health attainments and shortfalls, as well as the ordering of distributions exhibiting an inverted-U relation with well-being. An illustration of the methodology is provided using a group of five Arab countries.
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https://hal-amu.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-03374582
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Submitted on : Tuesday, October 12, 2021 - 11:09:15 AM
Last modification on : Wednesday, October 13, 2021 - 3:39:48 AM

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Mohammad Abu‐zaineh, Ramses Abul Naga. Bread and Social Justice: Measurement of Social Welfare and Inequality Using Anthropometrics. Review of Income and Wealth, Wiley, In press, ⟨10.1111/roiw.12545⟩. ⟨hal-03374582⟩

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