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Trends of Multidrug-Resistant Pathogens, Difficult to Treat Bloodstream Infections, and Antimicrobial Consumption at a Tertiary Care Center in Lebanon from 2015–2020: COVID-19 Aftermath

Abstract : Introduction: We studied the trend of antimicrobial resistance and consumption at Saint George Hospital University Medical Center (SGHUMC), a tertiary care center in Beirut, Lebanon, with a focus on the SARS-CoV-2 pandemic. Materials and Methods: We calculated the isolation density/1000 patient-days (PD) of the most isolated organisms from 1 January 2015–31 December 2020 that included: E. coli (Eco), K. pneumoniae (Kp), P. aeruginosa (Pae), A. baumannii (Ab), S. aureus (Sau), and E. faecium (Efm). We considered March–December 2020 a surrogate of COVID-19. We considered one culture/patient for each antimicrobial susceptibility and excluded Staphylococcus epidermidis, Staphylococcus coagulase-negative, and Corynebacterium species. We analyzed the trends of the overall isolates, the antimicrobial susceptibilities of blood isolates (BSI), difficult-to-treat (DTR) BSI, carbapenem-resistant Enterobacteriaceae (CRE) BSI, and restricted antimicrobial consumption as daily-defined-dose/1000 PD. DTR implies resistance to carbapenems, beta-lactams, fluoroquinolones, and additional antimicrobials where applicable. Results and Discussion: After applying exclusion criteria, we analyzed 1614 blood cultures out of 8314 cultures. We isolated 85 species, most commonly Eco, at 52%. The isolation density of total BSI in 2020 decreased by 16%: 82 patients were spared from bacteremia, with 13 being DTR. The isolation density of CRE BSI/1000 PD decreased by 64% from 2019 to 2020, while VREfm BSI decreased by 34%. There was a significant decrease of 80% in Ab isolates (p-value < 0.0001). During COVID-19, restricted antimicrobial consumption decreased to 175 DDD/1000 PD (p-value < 0.0001). Total carbapenem consumption persistently decreased by 71.2% from 108DDD/1000 PD in 2015–2019 to 31 DDD/1000 PD in 2020. At SGHUMC, existing epidemics were not worsened by the pandemic. We attribute this to our unique and dynamic collaboration of antimicrobial stewardship, infection prevention and control, and infectious disease consultation.
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https://hal-amu.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-03429521
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Submitted on : Monday, November 15, 2021 - 4:58:35 PM
Last modification on : Friday, January 21, 2022 - 10:30:03 AM

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Amanda Chamieh, Rita Zgheib, Sabah El-Sawalhi, Laure Yammine, Gerard El-Hajj, et al.. Trends of Multidrug-Resistant Pathogens, Difficult to Treat Bloodstream Infections, and Antimicrobial Consumption at a Tertiary Care Center in Lebanon from 2015–2020: COVID-19 Aftermath. Antibiotics, MDPI, 2021, 10 (8), pp.1016. ⟨10.3390/antibiotics10081016⟩. ⟨hal-03429521⟩

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