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Set1-dependent H3K4 methylation becomes critical for limiting DNA damage in response to changes in S-phase dynamics in Saccharomyces cerevisiae

Abstract : DNA replication is a highly regulated process that occurs in the context of chromatin structure and is sensitive to several histone post-translational modifications. In Saccharomyces cerevisiae, the histone methylase Set1 is responsible for the transcription-dependent deposition of H3K4 methylation (H3K4me) throughout the genome. Here we show that a combination of a hypomorphic replication mutation (orc5-1) with the absence of Set1 (set1Δ) compromises the progression through S-phase, and this is associated with a large increase in DNA damage. The ensuing DNA damage checkpoint activation, in addition to that of the spindle assembly checkpoint, restricts the growth of orc5-1 set1Δ. The opposite effects of the lack of RNase H activity and the reduction of histone levels on orc5-1 set1Δ viability are in agreement with their expected effects on replication fork progression. We propose that the role of H3K4 methylation during DNA replication becomes critical when the replication forks acceleration due to decreased origin firing in the orc5-1 background increases the risk for transcription replication conflicts. Furthermore, we show that an increase of reactive oxygen species levels, likely a consequence of the elevated DNA damage, is partly responsible for the lethality in orc5-1 set1Δ
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https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-03431382
Contributor : Christophe de la Roche Saint André Connect in order to contact the contributor
Submitted on : Thursday, November 25, 2021 - 9:15:56 AM
Last modification on : Thursday, November 25, 2021 - 9:21:33 AM

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Christophe de la Roche Saint-André, Vincent Géli. Set1-dependent H3K4 methylation becomes critical for limiting DNA damage in response to changes in S-phase dynamics in Saccharomyces cerevisiae. DNA Repair, Elsevier, 2021, 105, pp.103159. ⟨10.1016/j.dnarep.2021.103159⟩. ⟨hal-03431382⟩

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