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Measurement of the IgG Avidity Index in the Diagnosis of Clinical Toxocariasis Patients

Abstract : Toxocara spp. are parasitic nematodes responsible for human toxocariasis, a common zoonotic helminth infection. The five main features of human toxocariasis are the classical ocular toxocariasis and visceral larva migrans syndrome, followed by covert toxocariasis, common toxocariasis and neurotoxocariasis. The diagnosis of toxocariasis is feasible by considering clinical symptoms, anamnestic history and serology laboratory results; however, serological criteria cannot be used to distinguish active Toxocara infection from past exposure, which is an area of much discussion in clinical practice. In this context, we developed avidity tests (ELISA and immunoblotting) and evaluated their clinical usefulness in distinguishing past from active toxocariasis. Our study involved 46 patients divided into two groups: “active toxocariasis” (n = 14) and “chronic toxocariasis” (n = 32). According to the avidity indices obtained for both the chronic and active toxocariasis groups, we proposed two thresholds: first, an AI lower than 32% supports an active infection; secondly, a threshold above 42% can exclude an active infection. In order to use this assay in routine clinical practice, however, is still requires standardisation with regards to the method and threshold values, which can be established through studies involving larger populations.
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Submitted on : Friday, November 19, 2021 - 11:20:48 AM
Last modification on : Saturday, November 20, 2021 - 3:49:08 AM

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Estelle Menu, Lora Kopec, Léa Luciani, Sophie Legrand, Coralie L’ollivier. Measurement of the IgG Avidity Index in the Diagnosis of Clinical Toxocariasis Patients. Pathogens, MDPI, 2021, 10 (9), pp.1086. ⟨10.3390/pathogens10091086⟩. ⟨hal-03436230⟩

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