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Severe pneumonia in a street rat (Rattus norvegicus) caused by Rodentibacter rarus strain RMC2

Abstract : Background: Rodents are one of the most dangerous reservoirs and carriers of infectious diseases. Gradually, rats have become predominant in cities, sometimes staying in close vicinity to humans, pets, and other animals. Consequently, they tend to increase the transmission risk of pathogens. Case Description: Here, we report an original case of bacterial pneumonia in a street rat (Rattus norvegicus). The rat was found dead on a street in the chief town of Marseille (France) after being run over by a car. The necropsy of the corpse revealed generalized granulomatous pneumonia in almost all the pulmonary lobes. Lung lesions and predominantly multiple fibro-inflammatory areas are presumably the witness of an infectious etiology. Bacterial isolation was carried out from lung tissues. Colonies were identified by MALDI-TOF MS and confirmed by 16S rRNA sequencing. The following bacteria were identified: Staphylococcus cohnii, Bordetella bronchiseptica, Bordetella parapertussi, Corynebacterium glucuronolyticum, Pelistega suis and Rodentibacter rarus. Based on the histopathological diagnosis and the avoidance approach, the most likely etiological agent of pneumonia is therefore R. rarus, a little-known Pasteurellales bacterium that is closely related to Rodentibacter pneumotropicus. Conclusion: These data emphasize the severity of R. rarus infection in rodents. Thus, pointing out a potential risk for other animals (dogs, cats, and birds), as well as humans. The health monitoring program for rodents and rabbits pasteurellosis should now include R. rarus. Therefore, the pathological effect of the Rodentibacterspecies and/or strains needs to be better explored.
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Submitted on : Friday, November 19, 2021 - 4:40:24 PM
Last modification on : Friday, April 1, 2022 - 3:44:08 AM

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Hacène Medkour, Younes Laidoudi, Handi Dahmana, Bastien Salvi, Hubert Lepidi, et al.. Severe pneumonia in a street rat (Rattus norvegicus) caused by Rodentibacter rarus strain RMC2. Open Veterinary Journal, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University of Tripoli, 2021, 11 (1), ⟨10.4314/ovj.v11i1.24⟩. ⟨hal-03437077⟩



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