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Single-molecule imaging reveals replication fork coupled formation of G-quadruplex structures hinders local replication stress signaling

Abstract : Abstract Guanine-rich DNA sequences occur throughout the human genome and can transiently form G-quadruplex (G4) structures that may obstruct DNA replication, leading to genomic instability. Here, we apply multi-color single-molecule localization microscopy (SMLM) coupled with robust data-mining algorithms to quantitatively visualize replication fork (RF)-coupled formation and spatial-association of endogenous G4s. Using this data, we investigate the effects of G4s on replisome dynamics and organization. We show that a small fraction of active replication forks spontaneously form G4s at newly unwound DNA immediately behind the MCM helicase and before nascent DNA synthesis. These G4s locally perturb replisome dynamics and organization by reducing DNA synthesis and limiting the binding of the single-strand DNA-binding protein RPA. We find that the resolution of RF-coupled G4s is mediated by an interplay between RPA and the FANCJ helicase. FANCJ deficiency leads to G4 accumulation, DNA damage at G4-associated replication forks, and silencing of the RPA-mediated replication stress response. Our study provides first-hand evidence of the intrinsic, RF-coupled formation of G4 structures, offering unique mechanistic insights into the interference and regulation of stable G4s at replication forks and their effect on RPA-associated fork signaling and genomic instability.
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https://hal-amu.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-03438622
Contributor : Mauro Modesti Connect in order to contact the contributor
Submitted on : Sunday, November 21, 2021 - 7:44:30 PM
Last modification on : Monday, November 22, 2021 - 3:40:29 AM

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Mauro Modesti, Wei Ting C. Lee, Yandong Yin, Michael Morten, Peter Tonzi, et al.. Single-molecule imaging reveals replication fork coupled formation of G-quadruplex structures hinders local replication stress signaling. Nature Communications, Nature Publishing Group, 2021, 12 (1), ⟨10.1038/s41467-021-22830-9⟩. ⟨hal-03438622⟩

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