HAL will be down for maintenance from Friday, June 10 at 4pm through Monday, June 13 at 9am. More information
Skip to Main content Skip to Navigation
Journal articles

Nitrogen retention and ammonia production on tungsten

Abstract : We report a systematic study that quantifies nitrogen retention and ammonia production on tungsten and that sheds light on the mechanism for ammonia formation on ITER’s divertor material. Saturation of the nitrogen-implanted layer in polycrystalline tungsten is observed at room temperature for a nitrogen ion fluence in the low 1021 N+ m-2 range. Nitrogen desorption from this N-implanted layer occurs in the 800 – 1100 K temperature range and exhibits a zero-order kinetics with an activation energy of 1.45 eV and a prefactor of 5×1024 m-2 s-1. Following nitrogen and deuterium co-implantation, deuterated ammonia production is observed during temperature programmed desorption between 350 K and 650 K in conjunction with deuterium desorption. In contrast, nitrogen desorption still occurs above 800 K. Significant production of ammonia is obtained only when the nitrogen layer created by ion implantation is approaching saturation and the amount of nitrogen lost to ammonia production is only in the percent range. This result is understood by repeating cycles of deuterium implantation and thermo-desorption below the desorption temperature of the nitrogen layer. The exponential decay of the amount of produced ammonia with cycle number demonstrates that nitrogen diffusion to the surface is negligible in the ammonia production temperature range and that ammonia formation occurs at the outermost surface layer. The maximum quantity of ammonia produced from the present N implanted layer is below 2×1018 ND3 m-2, which is limited by the nitrogen atom surface density. Surface vibrational spectroscopy demonstrates the presence of ammonia precursors on the nitrogen-implanted tungsten surface upon deuterium implantation. These ammonia precursors can be created also at room temperature through the dissociative chemisorption of thermal D2 catalyzed by nitrogen present at the tungsten surface and, more efficiently, by adsorption of deuterium atoms.
Complete list of metadata

https://hal-amu.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-03451647
Contributor : Régis Bisson Connect in order to contact the contributor
Submitted on : Friday, November 26, 2021 - 3:30:02 PM
Last modification on : Friday, April 1, 2022 - 3:56:52 AM
Long-term archiving on: : Sunday, February 27, 2022 - 7:39:37 PM

Files

 Restricted access
To satisfy the distribution rights of the publisher, the document is embargoed until : 2022-05-24

Please log in to resquest access to the document

Licence


Distributed under a Creative Commons Attribution - NonCommercial - NoDerivatives 4.0 International License

Identifiers

Collections

Citation

Florin Ghiorghiu, T. Aissou, Marco Minissale, Thierry Angot, G. de Temmerman, et al.. Nitrogen retention and ammonia production on tungsten. Nuclear Fusion, IOP Publishing, 2021, 61 (12), pp.126067. ⟨10.1088/1741-4326/ac3698⟩. ⟨hal-03451647⟩

Share

Metrics

Record views

22