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Make flying-fox hunting sustainable again: Comparing expected demographic effectiveness and hunters’ acceptance of more restrictive regulations

Abstract : Hunting is a major threat to many species of wildlife. However, managing hunting systems to ensure their sustainability requires a thorough demographic knowledge about the impact of hunting. Here we develop a framework integrating ecological, modelling and sociological data to achieve a sustainability assessment of flying-fox hunting in New Caledonia and assess the relative merits of alternative management policies. Using age-specific stochastic population models, we found that the current annual hunting rate [5.5−8.5%] is likely to lead to a severe decline (− 79%) of Pteropus populations over the next 30 years. However, a majority of hunters surveyed (60%) were willing to soften their practices, offering an opportunity for adaptive management. Recurrent temporary hunting ban (at least 1 year out of 2) in combination with protected areas (≥ 25%) appears as the most effective and most accepted management option. Our integrative approach appears to be a promising method for ensuring that traditional hunting systems can remain sustainable in a rapidly changing world.
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https://hal-amu.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-03453773
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Submitted on : Tuesday, February 22, 2022 - 11:46:26 AM
Last modification on : Sunday, June 26, 2022 - 1:43:15 PM
Long-term archiving on: : Monday, May 23, 2022 - 6:39:07 PM

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Malik Oedin, Fabrice Brescia, Eric Vidal, Alexandre Millon. Make flying-fox hunting sustainable again: Comparing expected demographic effectiveness and hunters’ acceptance of more restrictive regulations. AMBIO: A Journal of the Human Environment, Springer Verlag, 2021, ⟨10.1007/s13280-021-01630-x⟩. ⟨hal-03453773⟩

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