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Chrétiens d’Égypte, musulmans d’Éthiopie.

Abstract : Diplomatic relations between the Christian kingdom of Ethiopia and the Islamic authorities in Cairo were closely linked to the rule of appointment of the head of the Ethiopian church by the patriarch of Alexandria. These relations enjoyed an unprecedented regularity under the reign of the Solomonic kings and the Mamluk sultans. At least thirteen Ethiopian embassies arrived in Cairo between 1274 and 1516, while four letters were sent by the sultan to Ethiopia, in addition to the patriarch’s correspondence with the Christian king, part of which was dictated by the sultan himself. The study of these interactions, and especially of the Ethiopian diplomatic letters copied in Arabic by Egyptian chroniclers, highlights an important aspect of their diplomatic relations: the multifaceted issue of the protection of Egypt’s Christians by the king of Ethiopia and of Ethiopia’s Muslims by the sultan of Egypt and Syria. The Solomonic diplomacy first formulated this mirroring of Egyptian and Ethiopian communities. It was updated however in the fourteenth and fifteenth centuries by several episodes of violence against the Christian subjects of the sultan and by the king’s wars against Muslim people in Ethiopia. Moreover, the Mamluk diplomacy endorsed it in the fifteenth century in its relations with the Christian king as well as with his Muslim challenger in eastern Ethiopia.
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Contributor : Julien Loiseau Connect in order to contact the contributor
Submitted on : Monday, December 27, 2021 - 6:55:02 PM
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Julien Loiseau. Chrétiens d’Égypte, musulmans d’Éthiopie.. Médiévales, Presses universitaires de Vincennes, 2020, 79 (79), pp.37-68. ⟨10.4000/medievales.11066⟩. ⟨hal-03503399⟩



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