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Immunomodulatory role of Interleukin-33 in large vessel vasculitis

Abstract : Abstract The mechanisms regulating inflammation in large vessels vasculitis (LVV) are poorly understood. Interleukin 33 (IL-33) has been shown to license innate and adaptive immunity by enhancing Th2 cytokines production. We aimed to examine the role of IL-33 in the immunomodulation of T cell activation in LVV. T cell homeostasis and cytokines production were determined in peripheral blood from 52 patients with giant cell arteritis (GCA) and 50 healthy donors (HD), using Luminex assay, flow cytometry, quantitative RT-PCR and by immunofluorescence analysis in inflammatory aorta lesions. We found increased level of IL-33 and its receptor ST2/IL-1R4 in the serum of patient with LVV. Endothelial cells were the main source of IL-33, whereas Th2 cells, Tregs and mast cells (MC) express ST2 in LVV vessels. IL-33 had a direct immunomodulatory impact by increasing Th2 and Tregs. IL-33 and MC further enhanced Th2 and regulatory responses by inducing a 6.1 fold increased proportion of Tregs (p = 0.008). Stimulation of MC by IL-33 increased indoleamine 2 3-dioxygenase (IDO) activity and IL-2 secretion. IL-33 mRNA expression was significantly correlated with the expression of IL-10 and TGF-β within aorta inflammatory lesions. To conclude, our findings suggest that IL-33 may exert a critical immunoregulatory role in promoting Tregs and Th2 cells in LVV.
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Contributor : Aurelie Leroyer Connect in order to contact the contributor
Submitted on : Wednesday, December 29, 2021 - 9:55:25 AM
Last modification on : Friday, August 5, 2022 - 12:01:35 PM

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Anne-Claire Desbois, Patrice Cacoub, Aurelie Leroyer, Edwige Tellier, Marlène Garrido, et al.. Immunomodulatory role of Interleukin-33 in large vessel vasculitis. Scientific Reports, Nature Publishing Group, 2020, 10 (1), ⟨10.1038/s41598-020-63042-3⟩. ⟨hal-03504358⟩



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