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Combination of serum and CSF neurofilament-light and neuroinflammatory biomarkers to evaluate ALS

Abstract : Abstract This monocentric prospective study of patient suffering from Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) aims to evaluate the prognosis and diagnostic potential of both Neurofilament-Light (Nf-L) and neuroinflammatory biomarkers in serum and CSF. Candidate markers levels were measured using multiplex method in serum of 60 ALS patients, 94 healthy controls of 43 patients suffering from Inflammatory Peripheral Neuropathies (IPN). A comparative CSF analysis was performed for 20 ALS and 17 IPN patients. Among the altered biomarkers, CSF Nf-L level remains the best marker of ALS severity, while serum levels correlate strongly with disease progression. The combination of Nf-L and ICAM-1 concentrations in the CSF and IFN-γ concentration in the serum differentiate ALS patients from IPN patients with improved sensibility and specificity relative to individual biomarkers. A cutoff value of 0.49 for the fitted values of these 3 biomarkers discriminate ALS from IPN patients with a specificity of 100% (78.20–100%) and a sensibility of 85.71% (57.19–98.22%) with an AUC of 0.99 ± 0.01. The measure of Nf-L and neuroinflammatory biomarkers in CSF and serum can be useful biomarkers panel in the differential diagnosis of ALS.
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Contributor : Jean-Philippe Ranjeva Connect in order to contact the contributor
Submitted on : Thursday, January 20, 2022 - 11:39:57 AM
Last modification on : Friday, April 1, 2022 - 3:57:29 AM

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Alexandre Brodovitch, José Boucraut, Emilien Delmont, Amandine Parlanti, Aude-Marie Grapperon, et al.. Combination of serum and CSF neurofilament-light and neuroinflammatory biomarkers to evaluate ALS. Scientific Reports, Nature Publishing Group, 2021, 11 (1), pp.703. ⟨10.1038/s41598-020-80370-6⟩. ⟨hal-03537143⟩

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