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Visual guidance of locomotor interception is based on nulling changes in target bearing (not egocentric target direction nor target-heading angle)

Abstract : In two experiments we studied how participants steer to intercept uniformly moving targets in a virtual driving task under hypotheses-differentiating conditions of initial target eccentricity and target motion. In line with our re-analysis of findings from earlier studies, in both experiments the observed interception behavior could not be understood as resulting from reliance on (changes in) egocentric target direction nor from reliance on (changes in) target-heading angle. The overall pattern of results observed was however compatible with a control strategy based on nulling changes in the target's bearing angle. The presence of reversals in movement direction under specific combinations of target eccentricity and motion conditions indicated that the information used was not purely rate-of-change (i.e., first-order) based but carried traces of an influence of initial target position. In Experiment 2 we explicitly tested the potential role of early reliance on perceived egocentric target direction by examining the effects of a 10 • rotation of the visual scene (i.e., of both target and environment). While such a rotation gave rise to minor changes in the moment of initiation of the first steering action, contrary to predictions it did not affect the characteristics of the direction-reversal phenomenon. We conclude that the visual guidance of locomotor interception is best understood as resulting from nulling changes in the target's bearing angle, with such nulling perhaps best conceived as being fractional-order (rather integer-order) driven.
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https://hal-amu.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-03551910
Contributor : Reinoud J. Bootsma Connect in order to contact the contributor
Submitted on : Thursday, June 23, 2022 - 1:39:56 PM
Last modification on : Friday, June 24, 2022 - 3:44:55 AM

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Remy Casanova, Gwenaelle Ceyte, Reinoud J Bootsma. Visual guidance of locomotor interception is based on nulling changes in target bearing (not egocentric target direction nor target-heading angle). Human Movement Science, Elsevier, 2022, 82, ⟨10.1016/j.humov.2022.102929⟩. ⟨hal-03551910⟩

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